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rf antenna resume Resume keywords summary: Antenna,RF,Microwave,millimeter. Profile/Cover Letter: SUMMARY OF EXPERIENCE. Research Engieer, Microwave and Operations Executive Resume Examples Antennas Group/Millimeter antennas team, Institute. of Electronics and Septic Hydraulic Test Inspections, Allentown Telecommunication of Rennes (IETR), France, (Since October. 2009). Operations Examples! (Millimeter wave antenna array development for 60GHz indoor communication. Research Engineer, Microwave and Antennas Group/Millimeter antennas team, Institute of Electronics and Telecommunication of Rennes (IETR), France, (September 2008 to September 2009 ). (Millimeter wave antenna development for 60GHz. Postdoctoral Research Associate at the Electrical Engineering Department, University Arkansas, USA (2008) (Microwave and millimeter wave material. characterization for imaging, imaging of Radome samples from US Airforce and.

Senior Research Fellow at Resume Cv Cover Department of Electronics, Cochin University of Science and. Technology, India (2005-2007). Operations Resume Examples! (Microwave dielectric resonator antennas and microwave. Lecturer Department of With, Electronics, WMO, University of Calicut, India (1999 - 2005 ). ( Teaching and Research - Electromagnetics, Basics of Resume Examples - Template, Electronics, Analog and digital. electronics, antennas, microwave engineering . ) 5 years of teaching experience at graduate level (Electromagnetic theory, RF Microwave theory, Antenna Engineering, Control systems, Digital analog systems, Digital signal processing, Microprocessors etc).

More than 6 years of research experience in Microwave and Millimeter wave antennas,Microwave communication, microwave and Surveymonkey millimeter imaging, FDTD mathematicalmodeling, HFSS, CST simulation software's, Ansoft designer and Metamaterial, etc. Received CNRS ( Centre national de la recherch scientifique ) fellowship (France) twice for doing research at Institute Fresnel, and Operations Executive Examples - Template IETR University of Rennes1,France (2007, 2009). Biography included in the 25th Silver Anniversary Edition of Who's Who in the World in the field of Engineering (2006-2007) Authored/co-authored 40 research papers in Resume | Resume Letter, International Journals such as IEEE IEEElectronics Letters, Microwave and Optical Technology Letters etc. and in conference proceedings. Jury member in PhD defence committe at Examples - Template university of Surveymonkey, Marne la Valle, Paris , France.

Awarded research fellowship through Faculty Improvement Programme (FIP) for undertaking doctoral research work by University Grants Commission (UGC), under the Ministry of Resume - Template, Human resources development, Govt. of Studies With, India, India.(2005-2007) Qualified UGC-NET test for lecturers conducted by University Grants Commission,Ministry of Human Recourses Development, Government of India. In India this test is mandatory for the post of Lecturer appointment in the Universities and Colleges (2001) First Rank Holder, M.Sc Electronics examination, Cochin University of Science and Executive Resume Technology ( CUSAT) Kochi, India (1999) Recipient of K.G Nair Endowment gold medal for securing first Rank in Chemistry | Best, Masters in Electronics, which was one of the honorable award given to Operations Executive Resume Examples the most talented student of the Department of Electronics, CUSAT, India (1999) M.E.S Merit Scholarship for studying Master of Science (1996-1998). Topper in B.Sc Degree examination (90.8%) at Surveymonkey M.E.S College, Under University of Calicut, Kerala, India (1996) 1. PhD Microwave Engineering from Cochin University of Science and Technology,Cochin, Kerala, India, defended on 5th January 2008. Thesis Title Hexagonal Dielectric Resonator Antenna- A novel DR antenna forwireless communication

2. M.Sc Elecronics (Electromagnetics) from Resume Cochin University of Resume Demo Cv Cover, Science and Technology, Cochin, Kerala, India, 1996-1999 , First Rank with Gold Medal, 84.2%,CGPA -8.5/10 . 3. B.Sc Physics ( Electronics) from university of Calicut, Kerala, India, 1993-1996, First class with Distinction, 90.8%, Topper in the Institution. Development of millimeter antenna array development for 60 GHz communication (CANON -Currently going on) Development of Executive Resume, 79GHz CAR Radar ( for VALEO -Currently going on) Study and Development of millimeter wave antennas at 60GHz 2008-2009, Britany Region Fund (France) Developed 13.5GHz bipolar antenna array with 10 and 40 tilt, for LATMOS, France (completed 2010) Development of Character Reference Jvwithmenow.com, 24GHz array antenna for BOUYGUEST Telecom, France (2010 completed)

Measurement of Dielectric parameters of Radome sample from US Airforce in Executive Examples - Template, 2008 using free space measurement technique.(University of Arkansas, USA) Microwave Imaging of Biological Objects for Law Case Studies With Solution, Medical Applications using Free Space Complex Permittivity measurements 2004-2005 (India) Experience in working from 1 GHz to 110GHz. Experience in Microwave and Millimeter wave Antennas and array designing using Ansoft HFSS, Ansoft Designer, CST Microwave studio. Proficient in Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) electromagnetic modeling Experienced in using PNA 8362B Network Analyzer, Vector Network Analyzer HP 8510C and Operations Executive Resume - Template 8714ET. Experience in Septic Load Test, carrying out antenna measurements in Anechoic Chambers. Hands-on experience in building of Examples, antenna prototypes using photolithography and For Excel antenna experimental work. High-level languages C, C++, FORTRAN, BASIC, VHDL.

Operating systems Dos, Windows 2000/Xp, Vista. Design automation tools Xilinx FPGA. Algorithm development environments MATLAB. Assembly language 8085. General Applications MS office. 1. Operations Resume Examples! Mohammed Sheik, Bandwidth Enhancement of 60 GHz antennas, 2010 October to 2011 February, Master thesis. Hexagonal Dielectric Resonator Antenna- A novel DR antenna for Life "weathered Beige" Texture, wireless communication. Developed a new geometry hexagonal shaped dielectric resonator antenna for multiple frequency operation. DRAs have been of Operations Resume, research interest during the last two and | Resume a half decades due its low loss, high efficiency, small size compared to conventional antennas. Many shapes of DRAs are fabricated and studied. A newly shaped hexagonal geometry is used for Operations Executive Examples, producing multifrequency of Hydraulic Load, operation with a single feed of excitation.

This antenna finds application in. PCS, WLAN applications. The electromagnetic modeling of Examples - Template, HDRA is done using FDTD method. PhD Guide Prof. K.T Mathew, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Cochin,Kerala, India. Reconfigurable Digital Hardware for Surveymonkey For Excel, Rapid Prototyping. Guide Smt. Ratnamani, Scientist - D, Naval Physical and Oceanographic.

Laboratory(NPOL), Defense Research Development Organisation (DRDO), Cochin,India (6 months). AREAS OF INTEREST. Microwave and Millimeter Wave Antennas, Electromagnetics. Mobile and Operations Examples Satellite Communication, Bluetooth and Broadband Mobile. Application Cavity Perturbation Technique for Resume Demo | Resume Cv Cover Letter, Material Characterisation, Computer Programming-C , C++ THz imaging. Design of RF/Microwave Devices Digital Signal Processing. Microwave and millimeter Imaging Finite Difference Time Domain. Method Microwave and Examples millimeter wave Dielectric characterization of. materials (free space method), Computational Electromagnetics. Visited Queens University, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK to present a paper on wearable antennas, during 3rd April 2007 to 7th April 2007 . Postdoc Research Associate at Resume Demo | Resume the Electrical Engineering Department, University of Arkansas, USA.

Postdoc at Institute of Resume, Electronics and Telecommunication of Rennes , University of Rennes1, France. Visited and Presented a paper at European Space Agency (ESTEC-ESA) center Netherland in connection with millimeter wave conference in Surveymonkey For Excel, May. Presented a paper at European Conference on Antennas and Propagation. 2010 at Barcelona, Spain in April 2010. Visited Switzeland on Executive Resume, August 2009 and Resume | Resume Cv Cover Letter Qatar on Jan 2010. Presented a paper at IEEE APS conference 2010 attoronto, canada during. o Reviewer, IEEE transactions on Antennas and Propagation since 2010. o Reviewer, International Journal Progress in Electromagnetic Research and. Electromagnetic Waves and Application (PIER JEMWA since 2006). o Chairman, board of Studies, Electronics, University of Calicut, Kerala, India (2005-2006) o Member, Board of Studies, Electronics, University of Calicut, Kerala, India (Since 2007) o Subject expert for appointing lecturers in colleges, University of Calicut, India (2004-2007). 1. Prof. (Dr.) Mohamed Himdi.

Professor Head of Microwave and Millimeter Antennas Group. Institute of Electronic and Operations Telecommunication of Rennes. University of Rennes1, Rennes, France. Ph. 33 2 23 23 67 15 Fax. 33 2 23 23 69 69. Relationship Present Advisor. 2. Septic Hydraulic Test Inspections,! Asst.Prof. (Dr.) Olivier Lafond. Microwave and Millimeter Antennas Group.

Institute of Electronic and Telecommunication of Rennes. University of Rennes1, Rennes, France. Ph. 33 2 23 23 59 86 Fax. 33 2 23 23 69 69. Relationship Present Advisor. 3. - Template! Emeritus Prof. (DR.) K.T.

Mathew. Department of Electronics. Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi-22, India. Email ktm@cusat.ac.in, kattackalmathew@gmail.comPh. 91-484-2576418, Fax 91-484- Relationship Dissertation Guide.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS (19)/ CONFERENCES (21) 1. Hamsakutty Vettikalladi ,Laurent Le Coq, Olivier Lafond, Mohamed Himdi Effects of different sources. on Superstrate Antenna Performance for For Excel, 60 GHz Communication Systems, JNM 2011, Brest, France. 2. Hamsakutty Vettikalladi ,Laurent Le Coq, Olivier Lafond, Mohamed Himdi, Efficient and High-Gain. Aperture Coupled Superstrate Antenna Arrays for 60 GHz Indoor Communication Systems, Microwave. and optical technology Letters, Vol 52, No.10, Oct. 2010 . 3. Hamsakutty Vettikalladi ,Olivier Lafond, Mohamed Himdi, High-Efficient and High-Gain Superstrate. Antenna for 60 GHz Indoor Communication, IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters,vol.8, 4. Hamsakutty Vettikalladi ,Laurent Le Coq, Olivier Lafond, Mohamed Himdi, Wideband and High.

Efficient Aperture Antenna with Superstrate for 60 GHz Indoor Communication systems, IEEE. PS/URSI conference will be held at Canada 2010 . 5. Hamsakutty Vettikalladi ,Laurent Le Coq, Olivier Lafond, Mohamed Himdi, Broadband and High- Efficient Superstrate Aperture Antenna /Array for 60GHz Wireless Communication, European. microwave week will be held at Paris 2010 . 6. Hamsakutty Vettikalladi , Olivier Lafond, Mohamed Himdi, High-Efficient Slot-Coupled Superstrate. Antenna for 60GHz WLAN Applications, European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, 12-16. April 2010, Barcelona , Spain 2010. 7. Executive Examples! Hamsakutty Vettikalladi, Olivier Lafond, Mohamed Himdi , High-Gain Broad-band Superstrate. Millimeter wave Antenna for 60GHz Indoor Communications, 5th ESA Workshop on Millimetre Wave. Technology and Business Studies With Applications and 31st ESA Antenna Workshop , 18 - 20 May 2009, ESTEC,

Noordwijk, The Netherlands. 8. A.V. Praveen Kumar, V. Hamsakutty, Jaimon Yohannan and K. T. Mathew, A Wideband Conical. Beam Cylindrical Dielectric Resonator Antennas, IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol.6, 2007, pp. Executive - Template! 15-17. 9. V. Hamsakutty, Jaimon Yohannan, K. T. Mathew, Effect of Marketplace "weathered Beige" Seamless Stone, Aspects ratio on the performance of. Hexagonal dielectric resonator antenna, IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC / URSI. National Radio Science meeting, APS/URSI 2007, June, 2007, USA.

10. V. Operations - Template! Hamsakutty, A.V. Praveen Kumar, Jaimon Yohannan, K. T. Mathew, Hexagonal Dielectric. Resonator Antenna for 2.4GHz WLAN Applications, Microwave and Optical Technology. Letters(USA), 20 Nov, 2006. 11. Hydraulic Load Test Home Inspections,! A.V. Praveen Kumar, V. Executive Examples! Hamsakutty, Jaimon Yohannan and K. T. "weathered Beige" Stone! Mathew, A strip loaded dielectric.

resonator antenna for circular polarisation, Microwave and Resume - Template Optical Technology Letters(USA), Volume 48, Issue 7 , Pages 1354 1356, July 2006. 12. A.V.Praveen Kumar, V. Character Letter Court | |! Hamsakutty, Jaimon Yohannan, K. T. Mathew Microstripline Fed Cylindrical. Dielectric Rresonator Antenna With a Coplanar Parasitic Strip, Progress in Electromagnetic. 13. V. Hamsakutty, A.V. Praveen Kumar, Jaimon Yohannan,G. Bindu and K. T. Mathew, Coaxial Fed.

Hexagonal Dielectric Resonator Antenna for multi- frequency operation, Microwave and Optical. Technology Letters(USA), Volume 48, Issue 5 , Pages 878 880, May 2006. 14. A. V. Praveen Kumar, V. Hamsakutty, Jaimon Yohannan, K. Operations Executive Resume! T. Mathew*, Microstripline fed Half- Cylindrical Dielectric Resonator Antenna for 2.4 GHz WLAN application, Microwave and Optical.

Technology Letters(USA), Volume 48, Issue 4 , Pages 724 726, April 2006. 15. V. Hamsakutty, A.V. For Excel! Praveen Kumar, Jaimon Yohannan, K. Operations Examples - Template! T. Mathew, Coaxial Fed Hexagonal. Dielectric Resonator Antenna for Circular Polarization, Microwave and Optical Technology Letters. (USA), Volume 48, Issue 3 , Pages 581 582, March 2006. 16. V. Character Reference! Hamsakkutty and K. T. Examples - Template! Mathew, Dual frequency hexagonal dielectric resonator antenna for DCT. and WLAN applications, National Symposium on Antennas Propagation December 14-16, 2006,

Department of Studies With Solution, Electronics, Cochin University of Operations Executive Resume Examples, Science and Technology, Kochi-682 022, Kerala, India. 17. V. Hamsakkutty, A. V. Praveen Kumar, Jaimon Yohannan, K. T. Mathew, Hexagonal dielectric. resonator antenna for Surveymonkey For Excel, multifrequency operation, IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC / URSI National Radio Science meeting, APS/URSI 2006, July, 2006, Alberque, 9-13,USA. 18.

Jaimon Yohannan,V. Hamsakkutty, A. V. Operations Executive - Template! Praveen Kumar, Vinu Thomas, G. Resume Cv Cover Letter! Bindu and K. T. Mathew, A rectangular dielectric resonator band stop filter, IEEE AP-S International Symposium and Resume USNC. / URSI National Radio Science meeting, APS/URSI , 2006, July, 2006, Alberque, 9-13,USA. 19. A. V. Praveen Kumar, V. | Best Business Template! Hamsakkutty, Jaimon Yohannan, K. Executive Examples - Template! T. Mathew, Half split cylindrical. dielectric resonator antenna for 2.4GHz wireless application, IEEE AP-S International Symposium.

and USNC / URSI National Radio Science meeting, APS/URSI, 2006, July, 2006, Alberque, 9- 20. A. Business Law Case Studies With! Lonappan, V. Thomas, G. Bindu, V. Hamsakutty, and K. T. Mathew Analysis Of Human Breast Milk. At Microwave Frequencies, Progress in Electromagnetic Research (USA), 2005. 21. V. Hamsakutty, A.V. Praveen Kumar, G. Bindu, Vinu Thomas, Anil Lonappan, Jaimon Yohannan, K. T. Mathew A Multi- Frequency Coaxial Fed Metal Coated Dielectric Resonator Antenna, Microwave and.

Optical Technology Letters(USA), Volume 47, Issue 6 , Pages 573 - 575 Dec- 2005. 22. Vinu Thomas, C. Gopakumar, Jaimon Yohannan, Anil Lonappan, G. Bindu, A.V. Praveen Kumar, V. Hamsakutty, K. T. Operations Executive Examples! Mathew A Novel Technique for Localizing the Scatterer in Inverse Profiling of Septic Hydraulic Load Test – Integra Allentown, Two. Dimensional Circularly Symmetric Dielectric Scatterers Using Degree of - Template, Symmetry and Inspections, Neural Networks. Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Executive - Template Applications(USA), Vol. For Excel! 19, No. 15, 21132121, 2005. 23. G.Bindu , Anil Lonappan, Vinu Thomas, A. Operations Resume Examples - Template! V. Praveen Kumar, V Hamsakutty, C.K.

Aanandan, K.T. Mathew Two Dimensional Microwave Tomographic Imaging of Low Water Content Tissues , Microwave and Optical Technology Letters (USA) Vol. 46, No.6, pp 599-601, 20th September 2005. 24. Law Case With! Vinu Thomas, C. Gopakumar, A. V. Praveen Kumar, V. Hamsakutty, Anil Lonappan, G. Bindu, K. T. Mathew A novel technique for reducing the Examples, imaging domain in microwave imaging of two dimensional. circularly symmetric scatterers , Microwave and Court | | Jvwithmenow.com Optical Technology Letters (USA) Vol.

44, No. Operations Resume Examples! 5, pp. 423-427, 5th March 2005. 25. V. Hamsakutty, A.V.Praveen Kumar, Jaimon Yohannan, Kattakkal Thomas Mathew, Coaxial Fed. Hexagonal Dielectric Resonator Antenna, Asia Pacific Microwave conference, Dec4-7 2005, china. 26. Praveen Kumar A.V., Hamsakutty V, Jaimon Yohannan, Mathew K.T. Microstripline Fed Cylindrical.

Sector Dielectric Resonator Antenna, Asia Pacific Microwave conference, Dec4-7 2005, china. 27. G.Bindu, Anil Lonappan, Vinu Thomas, Jaimon Yohannan, V. Business Studies With Solution! Hamsakutty, C.K.Aanandan and. K.T.Mathew, coplanar stripline fed wide band bowtie antenna for ground penetrating radar, URSI, New. 28.

Jaimon Yohannan, A. V. Operations Resume - Template! Praveen Kumar, V. Hamsakkutty, Vinu Thomas and Chemistry K. T. Mathew, Synthesis. of dielectric resonator for microwave filter designing, Electromagnetic Research Symposium, PIERS. 2005, August 22-26, 2005, Hangzhou, China. 29. Vinu Thomas, C. Gopakumar, Jaimon Yohannan, Anil Lonappan, G. Executive Examples! Bindu, A.V.

Praveen Kumar, V. Hamsakutty, K. T. Mathew A Novel Technique for Localizing the Scatterer in Inverse Profiling of Two. Dimensional Circularly Symmetric Dielectric Scatterers Using Degree of Symmetry and Neural Networks. Electromagnetic Research Symposium, PIERS 2005, August 22-26, 2005, Hangzhou, China. 30. Jaimon Yohannan, Vinu Thomas, V. Hamsakkutty, Praveen Kumar and K. T. Mathew, Microwave. ceramic resonator antenna for communication applications, IEEE AP-S International Symposium and. USNC / URSI National Radio Science meeting, APS/URSI 2005, July 3-8, 2005, Washington DC, 31. A. V. For Excel! Praveen Kumar, Jaimon Yohannan, Anil Lonappan, G. Bindu, Vinu Thomas, V. Hamsakkutty, K. T. Resume Examples - Template! Mathew, Microstripline Fed Circular Sector Dielectric Resonator Antenna, IEEE AP-S International.

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Vinu Thomas, C. Gopakumar, A.V. Praveen Kumar, V. Test – Integra Home Allentown! Hamsakutty, Jaimon Yohannan, K. T. Mathew, Imaging Domain Reduction in Microwave Imaging of Two Dimensional Circularly Symmetric Dielectric. Scatters Using Degree Symmetry Vector International Conference on Photonics, Optoelectronics. and Fiber optics, SPIE 2004, December 9-11, 2004, Cochin, India. 38. Resume! V Hamsakutty, Anil Lonappan, Joe Jacob, G.Bindu , Vinu Thomas, A. V. Praveen Kumar, K.T Mathew. Biomedical Applications of Sodium Meta Silicate Gel as Coupling medium for Microwave Medical. Imaging , IEEE AP-S International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science. Meeting, APS/URSI 2004, June 20-26, 2004, Monterey, California, USA.

39. Jaimon Yohannan, Vinu Thomas, V. Hamsakkutty, Praveen Kumar , K. Character! T. Mathew, Sr(1-X/2)NaXNb2O6. ceramic dielectric resonator antennas, National Symposium on Antennas Propagation December. 21-23, 2004, Department of Electronics, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi-682 022, 40. V Hamsakutty, Anil Lonappan, Joe Jacob, Jaimon Yohannan, Vinu Thomas, G.Bindu, K.T Mathew A. Novel Coupling medium for Operations Executive - Template, Microwave Medical Imaging , IEE Electronic Letters (UK), Vol.

39, No. 21, pp 1498-1499, 16th October 2003. Date of birth 19th January 1976. Languages Known English (US), Hindi and Load Home Inspections, Allentown Malayalam. Marital status Married. 1 BLD EMMANUEL MONIER.

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Truancy in Our School’s: A Growing Problem Essay Sample. The success of our schools performing its primary functions of teaching, educating, and socializing the young is predicted on regular school attendance. Truancy is rated among the major problems facing schools today (Garry, 1996). Schools in some larger cities have reported absenteeism rates as high as 50 percent per day (Allen-Meares, 2004). The issue of truancy compromises schools’ primary function and places our young people at risk. According to Operations Resume Examples, the Bilchik, truant students have the potential to lead a lifetime of unemployment, crime, and Beige" Stone, incarceration (Garry, 1996). Truancy is often a symptom of a deeper problem. Typically, students who become chronic truants and poor achievers are usually members of families of low socioeconomic status (Allen-Meares, 2004). Students who are of a low socioeconomic status may inhibit a home environment that is less likely to be conductive for Executive Resume Examples - Template, learning. There are many influences on truancy. Some of the Septic Hydraulic Load Test Inspections, Allentown, possible influences are directed towards families that do not value education, education background of primary care taker, lack of parental involvement, inadequate social support from the family, negative relationship with parents, broken family, poor academic achievement, child unhappy at home, peer-group pressure, and students being bullied (Allen-Meares, 2004, DuBois, Eitel, Felner, 1994, and Lin McBride, 1996).

When students are not in the classroom, they are missing out on valuable learning time. When one-fourth of all students miss almost one day a week, there is a problem with poor achievement. The absent student cannot learn effectively and the rest of the class will probably lose learning time when the teacher slows the Examples - Template, pace to allow them to catch up. Resume | Resume! Truant students are not only affecting their own education but also possibly affecting their classmates’ education. For many students, poor achievement is Operations Executive Examples, just the beginning of how truancy is impacting them. Other implications of poor achieving truants include low self-esteem, confusion, resentment, and demoralization (Allen-Meares, 2004). There are school social workers equipped to help teachers understand the environmental forces that impinge upon regular attendance in school (Allen-Meares, 2004). Social workers work from the Chemistry Business, ecological perspective, and are in a position to assist the student’s school in understanding what their needs are in being motivated to be academically successful. Literature indicates that school social workers need to be saturating our youth in Operations, interventions to Test – Integra Allentown, prevent truancy.

Much of the literature on truancy focuses on middle and high school youth; a common theme identifies the attendance patterns of older students who did not begin in middle and high school but at Operations Resume a much younger age (Grootes Faidly, 2002). It would be beneficial for Law Case, youth to experience interventions for truancy heavily in elementary school. Absenteeism usually shifts at some point in Operations Resume, a student’s career, from being a symptom of Resume | Resume Cv Cover a problem to becoming defined as “the” problem itself (Grooters Faidley, 2002). Executive Resume! High mobility is Second Marketplace "weathered Seamless Stone Texture, another factor to be linked to Operations - Template, truancy and poor school achievement; frequent moves are much more prevalent in poor families (Allen-Meares, 2004). Washington (1973) conducted a study with 56 inner-city high school students who had been classified as truants. The purpose of this study was to examine the causes of truancy and categorize the reasons why students were motivated to be absent from school. Second Marketplace "weathered Beige"! Truants “adjustment to Examples - Template, school work” proved to be the primary reason for excluding themselves from school. Truants recognize their academic weaknesses, such as their underdeveloped reading, writing, and speaking skills, disinterest in present course content, and frequent fear of and experience of frustration and failure with difficult course work (Washington, 1973). Corville-Smith, Ryan, Adams, Delicandro (1998) presented a study of the relationship between students’ attendance and the personal characteristics of the student, the student’s family relations, and Resume Demo Letter, school variables in a sample of 54 high school students.

Absent students perceived their families to be less cohesive than the regular attendees, felt fewer acceptances by their parents, and their parental discipline was inconsistent and ineffective. Other findings from the study suggest that absent students were less likely to Operations Executive, perceive school experiences favorably, felt inferior academically, experienced family conflict, and were less likely to be socially competent in their relations in class. Family problems were unlikely to be confined to the home and Character Letter, spilled over into the school, affecting student’s concentration, grades, and relationships with teachers and classmates (Corville-Smith, Ryan, Adams, Dalicando, 1998). Benda (1987) supports that parental values and ambitions play a large role in Executive Resume, children’s school attendance and that a supportive family is the most important source of a child’s attitude toward school attendance. Baer (1999) indicates that the transition from childhood to early adolescence consists of major changes in a number of psychosocial dimensions.

Pubertal timing and the degree of change such as the For Excel, transition to junior high school bring a heightened potential for problems such as use of Executive Resume drugs and alcohol, the increase of school drop out, decline in Septic – Integra Home Inspections, Allentown, academic motivation, and decreased interest in school generally. During this time of Operations Resume - Template change the student is in need of being supported by all those involved with them. The author discussed how students making the transition to Chemistry Lab Report Template, junior high school could be complicated by the development changes taking place. Children tend to spent more time at home than any other place. Parents are a child’s first role models and - Template, greatly influence norms, values, and expectations. Parents can serve as productive models or as destructive models that behave in negative or rejecting ways and set demands that contribute to Septic Load – Integra Inspections,, their children becoming truant (Cnaan Seltzer, 1989). Executive Examples! Research points out that truant children often receive insufficient parental attention and see this as a contributing factor to truancy (Cnaan Seltzer, 1989). They also add that frequent relocation, performing domestic chores, and staying at home to resolve domestic conflicts contributes to truancy.

The social culture of school itself may put excessive stress on Demo | Resume Letter youth pushing them toward truancy. Cnaan and Seltzer (1989) discuss school characteristics as factors that contribute to truancy. Teachers inadequately trained to meet the needs of truant children, and the use of expulsion and suspension are part of this social culture. Educators not being encouraging and not having positive expectations are also seen as contributors of truancy (Cnaan Seltzer, 1989; Washington 1973). Executive Resume - Template! Individual factors need to be looked at when addressing truancy. Some children come from positive home environments and attend good schools, but become truants because of disabilities (Cnaan Seltzer, 1989).

Disabilities may include severe mental illness, mental retardation as well as learning disabilities. These issues are prevalent and growing within our schools. Surveymonkey For Excel! Other individual characteristics associated with truancy include school phobia, school failure and low self-esteem. A child is Operations Resume, not only a product of family and the socialization agents of society, but also a reflection of Their environment (Cnaan Seltzer, 1989). Environmental factors include peer-pressure, no value placed on education, availability of For Excel drugs and alcohol, neighborhood safety, and Operations Resume, students being bullied (Cnaan Seltzer 1989; Allen-Meares, 2004). Cnaan Seltzer (1989) address the importance of the ecological perspective in addressing the issue of truancy. Factors that contribute to Character Reference Letter Court | |, truancy affect urban students differently than rural students, inner city students differently than suburban students, black students differently than white students, boys differently than girls, and elementary school students differently than secondary school students. Executive Resume! In addressing truancy every student must be assessed individually and not viewed the same because truancy is the common factor. Truancy has the ability to place students in harsh, life long consequences. When students are not in the classroom they are missing out on Hydraulic Load Test – Integra Home Allentown valuable learning time and the absent student cannot learn effectively. Truancy may also be seen as a stepping-stone to delinquent and criminal activity.

Garry (1996) reported many studies have documented the correlation between drug use and truancy; the University of Operations Executive - Template Maryland found that 51% of Chemistry Template | Best Business Template female juvenile detainees not in school at the time of their arrests tested positive for drug use. Serious social problems, such as illiteracy, unemployment, poverty, political powerlessness, alienation, social deviance and crime, intergenerational dependency, and racial discrimination, stem from truancy (Cnaan Seltzer, 1989). As discussed earlier, the truant student falls behind in their school or is not able to do the work because of not being academically prepared. They are more prone to drop out than catch-up (Garry, 1996). Truancy is a major barrier to learning. Students who miss school frequently are often unable to develop interpersonal relationships or gain the knowledge and skills they will need for future employment (Garry, 1996). Many students are not prepared for Operations Examples - Template, the workforce because of not being able to read, fill out a job application, or find employment. Character Reference Court | | Jvwithmenow.com! The effect of unemployment combined with low paying occupations creates a low socioeconomic status group (Cnaan Seltzer, 1989). The overwhelming majorities of truants are not able to acquire significant political power in a democratic society, and Executive Examples, they are among the most passage clients of various welfare services (Cnaan Seltzer, 1989). Surveymonkey! Truant students may not be looking ahead to the life they are pursuing and the struggles of poverty that may follow. Another consequence of truancy is self-destructive behavior.

Garry (1996) discussed the risk of Operations Examples - Template truants becoming involved in With, drugs, alcohol, and violence leading to incarceration. Truants can find themselves alienated from their support systems. Operations Executive - Template! Intergenerational perpetuation of Business Studies With Solution low level educational commitment and achievement is a consequence of truancy with long-term effects (Cnaan Seltzer, 1989). Truancy can be a vicious cycle touching many lives. Children of truants and poor achievers can easily become truants themselves.

Therefore, with the severity of these implications, there is a great need for - Template, interventions to combat truancy. Research on dropouts indicates schools need to intervene earlier when addressing problems with student attendance. Much of the literature relating to truancy focuses on middle and high school youth, a common theme identifies the attendance patterns of Second - Td "weathered Seamless Stone Texture older students did not begin in Operations Resume - Template, middle or high school, but at Test – Integra Home Inspections, Allentown a much younger age (Grooters Faidley, 2002). As stated earlier, it is important to view truancy through the ecological perspective. Executive Examples! The interventions that are chosen to be implemented with truant students should address and involve the family, the social culture of the school, and the community. Encouragement and positive feedback for improved attendance assist in shaping the student into becoming a regular attendee. Epstein and Sheldon (2001) provide strategies on Life - Td "weathered Beige" Seamless Stone how to increase and sustain student attendance. Their study found that communicating effectively about attendance with parents, providing a school contact person for parents to Operations Executive Examples - Template, call, and rewarding students for improved attendance were three activities consistently associated with increased average daily attendance and reduced chronic absences. This intervention was designed to Surveymonkey For Excel, improve school-to-home and home-to-school communications, and to recognize good attendance.

In doing this, parents had clear information about Executive Examples, school attendance policies and Hydraulic Test – Integra Allentown, the importance of attendance for student report card grades and classroom learning. Parents need to know the value of education and share the same value with their children. From this study “it appears that family, school, and community partnerships can improve student attendance” (Epstein Sheldon, 2001). In Neosho, Kansas, the County Attorney and local teachers initiated the At School, On Time, Ready to Work program (Garry, 1996). This program recognizes that the problem of truancy is not only with the child, but also with the families, schools, and community. Operations Executive Resume Examples! The program provides intense supervision of the child, support and group therapy to Test Home Inspections, Allentown, the child, and support and education services to the parents of the child. The results of these interventions determined, that 12 middle school students enrolled during the school year 1994-1995, only one child became the Operations, subject of For Excel court petition, and the other students stayed out of the custody of the Department and Operations Executive Resume Examples - Template, Rehabilitation Services, with no reports of committed offenses over the summer.

Grooters and Faidley (2002) support truancy interventions being implemented in elementary school age children because attendance patterns do not begin middle and high school but at Surveymonkey a much younger age. The next two interventions discussed are for elementary school age children. These two interventions are very different from each other. One addresses families through the ecological perspective, and Operations Executive Resume, involves the family, the social culture of the school, and the community. While the other one focuses on the child and culture of the school. The Des Moines (Iowa) Public Schools (DMPS) initiated an attendance improvement program called Project REACH. REACH emphasizes improving attendance in Lab Report | Best Template, the early years (grades 1, 2 and 3) of Operations Executive Examples elementary school before long-term attendance patterns of poor attendance are established (Grooters Faidley, 2002). Character Reference Court! REACH was developed through the Department for Human Services and DMPS and had community support and active involvement from District Five Judicial Court Judge, the Polk County Attorney’s Office, the - Template, Restorative Justice Center (mediation branch of the County Attorney’s Office), and the Youth Hall Center.

The school social workers were placed in Chemistry Template Business Template, a priority role of helping families who were dealing with attendance issues, as the issue of attendance frequently becomes the entry point in - Template, helping families with other issues that are affecting the lives of the children (Grooters Faidley, 2002). Building Attendance Teams (BAT) was established to monitor student attendance in each elementary school. BAT communicated and worked with the school social worker on a regular basis to Business Law Case With, ensure that communication was established with parents of children who were developing excessive absences. Operations - Template! The communication between school and home was viewed as a crucial element in this intervention. Communication allowed information of the child’s needs of home or at For Excel school to be shared. REACH initiates communication with parents of Operations - Template children who missed between 7-10days. It is standard DMPS policy to Septic – Integra Allentown, send letters to inform parents of Examples - Template their child’s attendance when their child has missed 7 days and Resume Demo Letter, 12 days of school.

BAT decides what further contact is to be made with the family and Operations Executive Resume Examples - Template, how it will occur. If contact with parents indicates that services are needed and desired, appropriate agency referrals are offered by Demo | Resume the school social worker. It is the goal for Project REACH that though concentrated, high priority attention to students who are accruing frequent absences, increased involvement with the family and Operations, identification of their needs will bring a reduction in absences and assist the family in Septic Load Test – Integra Inspections, Allentown, functional home and school success (Grooters Faidley, 2002). Is this the Examples, perfect essay for Second Life Marketplace, you? Save time and order Truancy in Our School’s: A Growing Problem. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Truancy in Operations Resume Examples, Our School’s: A Growing Problem. Worldwide, most students attend either single-sex schools or co-ed schools.

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A Literary Analysis On “Fiesta, 1980” by Executive Resume Examples - Template, Junot Diaz Essay. Junot Diaz’s “Fiesta, 1980” presents a story of Character Reference Letter Jvwithmenow.com a teenage Latin boy named Yunior, who re-counts the stories of his dysfunctional family of Operations Executive Resume immigrants from the Dominican Republic who are all attending a private party in the Bronx, New York City. Yunior is the middle teenage son of Papi and Mami, second to his brother Rafa and older than his sister Madai, who suffers from Second "weathered Stone, recurring motion sickness during road trips in Operations Resume his father’s brand new, lime green, Volkswagen van. At the very beginning, as Papi arrives home from “work” (later assumed to be his second girlfriend’s house, the Puerto Rican) to leave for their party, Yunior states “If Papi had walked in and caught us lounging around in our underwear, man, he would have kicked our asses or something serious.” (Diaz, 1996). The evidence to Resume | Resume Cv Cover confirm some sort of anxiety disorder in Yunior in response to Operations Executive Examples - Template this type of negative treatment from his father is prevalent from the Court Jvwithmenow.com, start, as we are exposed to Papi’s commanding personality. Parental psychological and physical abuse leads to Executive a multitude of anxiety disorders in children and affects an estimated “8-10 of every 100 children and adolescents.” (Rizvi, Najma, 2014). In this short story, the author first presents us with a complex main character who, at Load Test Home Inspections,, a rather young age, is already displaying a wide variety of Executive psychological disorders due to parental (primarily father) abuse. In a closer analysis of this main character, the Test – Integra Inspections, Allentown, most prevalent of Operations Executive Resume Examples disorders would include phobia (of his father as well as their family road trips in the van), generalized anxiety disorder related to fear, and the initial stages of an eating disorder after Papi attributes Yunior’s motion sickness to poorly timed meals.

Phobia can be generally defined as an unrealistic and overwhelming fear of a specific object, person or situation; in this case it is a combined fear of Papi and family road trips. To be exact, a fear of road trips to the Puerto Rican’s home in Papi’s new lime green van never fail to put Yunior over the edge. Yunior irrationally fears that he is Surveymonkey For Excel, always the only one in Executive Examples - Template trouble with his dad and though he does admit that he occasionally likes the attention, he clearly does not enjoy the physical pain. Character Letter. Each of Papi’s three children display a fear of him in a considerably different manner, presumably due to - Template their ranking birth order. Rafa the oldest, having most likely been the first to have endured such physical force from their father, does his best to avoid these violent situations as they arise: “Rafa had already started inching away from Surveymonkey, me… moving out of the way every time Papi was going to Operations Examples - Template smack me.” (Diaz, 1996). While Yunior’s much younger sister Madai, who most likely will never suffer this type of physical abuse from their father but still hears the Character Reference Court, verbal cruelty, is also avoidant and usually “too scared to Operations Examples - Template open her eyes.” (Diaz, 1996). It is evident that Yunior strives to gain recognition from his father and though he fears the physical force that will undoubtedly follow, Yunior takes each moment of acknowledgment that he can and Business Solution runs with it, so to speak. Resume - Template. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (typically just referred to as simply “GAD”) is a disruption in Resume Letter how someone’s brain “controls the Operations Executive Resume - Template, signals used to identify danger and initiate action to help avoid it.” (Kutcher, 2015). However, in GAD, this signaling mechanism does not function as planned and a person will experience the danger signal when there is no existing danger. This overwhelming anxiety will cause serious emotional distress and will negatively impact school as well as relationships, usually presenting itself physically in the form of headaches or often uncontrollable nausea. Yunior’s internal anxiety is revealed once his father stops at the Puerto Rican’s and Yunior finally realizes what his father has been doing after work.

In this story, Yunior is continuously torn between the fear of his father’s wrath and his love for his Mami, that he drives himself physically ill. This leads the reader to believe that perhaps it is a combination of factors causing Yunior’s motion sickness in the van: indecision on revealing his father’s adulterations, or perhaps a general nervousness of falling short of his father’s expectations that is making him ill. Avoidant restrictive food intake disorder has become increasingly common among children and adolescents since the Hydraulic Load Inspections,, time of the 1980’s, and it is not one associated with weight control or body shape. Avoidant restrictive food intake disorder, also known as “ARFID”, is what some people might refer to as “picky eating” but is technically a food aversion due to the sensory qualities of food triggering a physiological response. In this case, Papi is convinced that Yunior’s motion sickness is - Template, made exponentially worse by his eating before road trips and will not allow Yunior to eat before they travel. Out of control binge eating (also an eating disorder) then predictably follows Yunior’s episodes of vomiting and Letter starvation as “those pastelitos didn’t stand a chance.” (Diaz, 1996). Yunior is beginning to develop the association that eating is an Resume Examples, undisclosed activity to be done behind his father’s back, quickly, secretively, and in surplus whenever you have the chance (the exact definition of an Texture, emerging binge eating disorder), rather than one to be enjoyed with family and Executive Resume Examples friends. In conclusion, by way of analyzing Yunior’s actions and thoughts, it can be determined that he is a young and Surveymonkey impressionable main character, currently exhibiting the Operations Resume - Template, symptoms of severe phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, and a rising eating disorder in part due to his father’s psychological and Chemistry Lab Report Business occasionally physical abuse. Diaz immediately connects the reader to Operations Executive Examples - Template his main character using a first person point of view, granting admittance into Surveymonkey Yunior’s most secluded thoughts and actions, making him easily relatable. By seeing the repercussions of Papi’s actions unfold within Yunior, the author has successfully evoked the emotion of empathy and unison as the reader silently encourages and supports his main character within this dysfunctional family of five. Diaz, Junot. “Fiesta, 1980.” Drown.

New York: Riverhead Books, 1996. Resume Examples. Urhalpool. 31 January, 2015. Web. Life Marketplace Beige" Texture. Kutcher, Dr. Stan. “Mental Disorders” Teen Mental Health. 30 January, 2015. Operations Executive Resume. Web. Rizvi, Syeda Fariha Iram and Najma, Najma. “Parental Psychological Abuse. Toward Children and Template Template Mental Health Problems in Adolescence.” Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. Volume.30 (2014): 256-260.

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Your feedback is Operations Executive Resume Examples therefore very important to us. Surveymonkey? If you have any suggestions for other questions, or especially corrections, please don't hesitate to send them to us. This is a work-in-progress, not all questions have been answered yet -- simply a matter of time to write them, not that we don't know the answers -- but we didn't want to keep you waiting, so we're starting with that we have. For your own self-study, and for Operations Executive Examples - Template additional information, the source material for Lab Report Business many of the answers on CMMI come from the Executive - Template CMMI Institute. They're not hiding anything; it's all there. We've broken up the FAQs into the following sections (there will be much cross-over, as can be expected): CMMI, Agile, Kanban, Lean, LifeCycles and other Process Concepts FAQs. SEI / CMMI Institute Transition Out of SEI FAQs.

Specific Model Content FAQs. A: CMMI stands for Capability Maturity Model Integration. Studies With Solution? It's the Operations Examples integration of several other CMMs (Capability Maturity Models). Business? By integrating these other CMMs, it also becomes an integration of the process areas and practices within the model in ways that previous incarnations of the model(s) didn't achieve. The CMMI is a framework for Examples business process improvement. In other words, it is a model for building process improvement systems. In the same way that models are used to guide thinking and analysis on how to build other things (algorithms, buildings, molecules), CMMI is used to build process improvement systems.

There are currently three flavors of CMMI called constellations. The most famous one is the CMMI for Development -- i.e., DEV . Hydraulic Test – Integra Home? It has been around (in one version or another) for Operations Resume - Template roughly 10 years and has been the subject of much energy for over 20 years when including its CMM ancestors. More recently, two other constellations have been created: CMMI for Acquisition -- i.e., ACQ , and CMMI for Services -- i.e., SVC . All constellations share many things, but fundamentally, they are all nothing more than frameworks for assembling process improvement systems. Each constellation has content that targets improvements in particular areas, tuned to organizations whose primary work effort either: Develops products and complex services, and/or Acquires goods and services from Law Case With, others, and/or Provides/ delivers services.

NONE of the Operations Resume Examples - Template constellations actually contain processes themselves. None of them alone can be used to actually develop products, acquire goods or fulfill services. The assumption with all CMMIs is Lab Report Template Business that the organization has its own standards, processes and procedures by which they actually get things done. Operations Executive Resume Examples - Template? The content of CMMIs are to improve upon the performance of those standards, processes and procedures -- not to define them. Having said that, it should be noted that there will (hopefully) be overlaps between what any given organization already does and content of CMMIs. This overlap should not be misinterpreted as a sign that CMMI content *is*, in Second Life "weathered Beige" Seamless, fact, process content. It can't be over-emphasized, CMMIs, while chock-full-o examples and explanations, do not contain how to anything other than building improvement systems . The overlap is easy to Operations explain: activities that help improve a process can also be activities to effectively perform a process, and, not every organization performs even the basic activities necessary to perform the process area well. Resume Demo | Resume Letter? So, to one organization, what seems trivial and commonplace, to another is salvation from Examples, despair. Another way to look at Law Case CMMIs are that they focus on the business processes of developing engineered solutions (DEV), acquiring goods and services (ACQ) and delivering services (SVC).

To date, CMMI has most widely applied in software and systems engineering organizations. Now, with the expansion of the constellations, where it is applied is a significantly distinct matter from being anything even remotely akin to a standard or certification mechanism for the engineering, methods, technologies, or accreditation necessary to build stuff, buy stuff or do stuff, . If an organization chose to do so, CMMI could be applied in the construction or even media production industries. (Exactly, how would be an *entirely* different discussion!) Before we get too off-track. Executive Examples? CMMI is meant to help organizations improve their performance of and Seamless Stone Texture, capability to consistently and predictably deliver the products, services, and sourced goods their customers want, when they want them and at Executive Resume - Template a price they're willing to pay. From a purely inwardly-facing perspective, CMMI helps companies improve operational performance by Septic Hydraulic Test – Integra Allentown lowering the cost of Resume - Template, production, delivery, and Second - Td "weathered Seamless, sourcing. Without some insight into and control over their internal business processes, how else can a company know how well they're doing before it's too late to do anything about it? And if/ when they wait until the Operations Executive Resume - Template end of a project or work package to see how close/far they were to their promises/expectations, without some idea of what their processes are and how they work, how else could a company ever make whatever changes or improvements they'd want/need to make in order to do better next time? CMMI provides the models from which to pursue these sorts of insights and activities for improvement. It's a place to start, not a final destination.

CMMI can't tell an Surveymonkey organization what is Operations Resume - Template or isn't important to them. CMMI, however, can provide a path for an organization to Reference Letter | | achieve its performance goals. Furthermore, CMMI is just a model, it's not reality. Like any other model, CMMI reflects one version of reality, and Executive Resume - Template, like most models, it's rather idealistic and unrealistic -- at least in Resume Demo | Resume, some ways. When understood as *just* a model, people implementing CMMI have a much higher chance of Operations Examples - Template, implementing something of lasting value. As a model, what CMMI lacks is context. | Best Business Template? Specifically, the context of the organization in which it will be implemented for process improvement.

Together with the organization's context, CMMI can be applied to create a process improvement solution appropriate to Examples the context of each unique organization. Putting it all together: CMMI is a model for building process improvement systems from which (astute) organizations will abstract and create process improvement solutions that fit their unique environment to help them improve their operational performance. At the risk of seeming self-serving, the Life Marketplace - Td Beige" Stone following addresses the question of Executive Resume Examples, what CMMI is: A: We should start the answer to this question with a quick sentence about what CMMI itself *is*. CMMI is about improving performance through improving operational processes. In particular, it's improving processes associated with managing how organizations develop or acquire solution-based wares and define and deliver their services. So we should ask you a question before we answer yours: Do you feel that you ought to be looking at Lab Report | Best Business Template improving your processes? What business performance improvements would you like to see from your operations?

SO, is CMMI right for Resume you? Obviously this depends on what you're trying to accomplish. Sometimes it's best to divide and conquer. So we'll divide the world into two groups: those who develop wares and provide services for US Federal agencies (or their prime contractors) and those who don't. Those of Character Letter Court | | Jvwithmenow.com, you in the former group will probably come across CMMI in the form of a pre-qualifier in some RFP.

As such, you're probably looking at the CMMI as a necessary evil regardless of Executive, whether or not you feel your processes need to be addressed in any way. If you're in this group, there aren't many loop-holes. One strong case for why your company might not need to mess with CMMI would be if you are selling a product of your own specification. Something that might be called shrink-wrapped or even COTS (Commercial Off-The-Shelf). While looking at Business CMMI for process improvement wouldn't be a bad idea, the point is Operations Executive Examples that unless you are developing wares from scratch to a government (or a Prime's) specification, you ought to Court | | be able to elude having someone else require or expect you to pursue CMMI practices when you otherwise might not do so.

A couple of exceptions to this rule of thumb would be (a) if you are entering into Operations the world of custom wares for the Feds, even though you currently aren't in it, and/or (b) if the extent to which your product might need modifications or out-of-spec maintenance for it to be bought/used by the government. For Excel? Governments have an all-too-regular habit of Operations Resume, buying a product as is functionally, and then realizing that what they need kinda only looks like the original product but is really different. Knowing this, many agencies and Template Business Template, prime contractors are using the CMMI's appraisal method (called SCAMPI) as part of their due diligence before wedding themselves to a product or vendor. If you're in the latter group, (remember. those who don't sell to the Feds or their Primes) then the question is really this, what's not working for you with your current way of running your operation? You'll need to get crystal clear about that. Certain things CMMI can't really help you with such as marketing and communications. OK, it could, but if managing your customers and Executive Examples, marketing are your biggest challenges, you've got other fish to fry and Template Template, frying them with CMMI is a really long way around to get them into Operations Executive - Template the pan. Don't get us wrong, there are aspects of CMMI that can be applied to Law Case Solution anything related to *how* you do business. - Template? But, if you are worrying about Business Studies With, where the next meal is coming from, you might be hungry for a while before the ROI from Resume - Template, CMMI will bring home the bacon. It usually takes a number of Life "weathered Beige", months. Having said that.

If you're finding that. customer acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or project success, profitability, predictability, or timeliness, and/or employee acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or service level accuracy, predictability, cycle or lead time. are tied to a certain level of uncertainty, inconsistency, and/or lack of insight into or control over work activities, then you could do worse than investigating CMMI for what it offers in rectifying these concerns. NOTE: This answer assumes you know a thing or two about CMMI, so we won't be explaining some terms you'll find answered elsewhere in this FAQ. How many processes are there in CMMI? A: NONE. Zero. Executive Examples? Zip. Nada. Rien. Nil.

Bupkis. Big ol' goose-egg. There's not a single process in all of CMMI. They're called Process Areas (PAs) in Septic Hydraulic Test Home Allentown, CMMI, and we're not being obtuse or overly pedantic about semantics. It's an important distinction to understand between processes and Process Areas (PAs). So, there are *no* processes in CMMI. No processes, no procedures, no work instructions, nothing. This is often very confusing to CMMI newcomers. You see, there are many practices in CMMI that *are* part of typical work practices. Sometimes they are almost exactly what a given project, work effort, service group or organization might do, but sometimes the practices in Operations Executive Examples, CMMI sound the same as likely typical practices in name only and Load – Integra, the similarity ends there.

Despite the similar names used in typical work practices and in CMMI, they are *not* to be assumed to be referring to one-in-the-same activities. Operations Resume? That alone is enough to cause endless hours, days, or months of Resume Cv Cover Letter, confusion. What CMMI practices are, are practices that improve existing work practices, but do not *define* what those work practices must be for Resume Examples any given activity or organization. The sad reality is so many organizations haven't taken the time to look at Reference Jvwithmenow.com and understand the present state of their actual work practices, so as a result not only do they not know everything they would need to know to merely run their operation, they then look to Operations Executive Resume - Template CMMI as a means of defining their own practices! As one might guess, this approach often rapidly leads to failure and disillusionment. How you run your operation would undoubtedly include practices that may happen at any point and Chemistry Template, time in an effort and during the Resume course of Load Test Home Inspections,, doing the work. Irrespective of where these activities take place in Operations Resume - Template, reality, the CMMI PAs are collections of Business, practices to improve those activities. CMMI practices are not to be interpreted as being necessarily in a sequence or to be intrinsically distinct from existing activities or from one CMMI practices to another. Simply, CMMI practices (or alternatives to them) are the activities collectively performed to Examples - Template achieve improvement goals . Lab Report Template Business? Goals, we might add, that ought to be tied to Executive Resume - Template business objectives more substantial than simply achieving a rating. Chemistry Template? There's so much more to Operations Executive Resume Examples - Template say here, but it would be a site unto itself to do so.

Besides, we never answered the question. . in the current version of CMMI for Chemistry Template Business DEVELOPMENT (v1.3, released October 2010) there are 22 Process Areas . (There were 25 in v1.1, and also 22 in v1.2.) CMMI v1.3 can actually now refer to three different flavors of CMMI, called constellations. CMMI for Development is one constellation of Operations Resume Examples, PAs. There are two other constellations, one for improving services , and one for acquisition . Resume Demo Letter? Each constellation has particular practices meant to improve those particular uses. CMMI for Executive - Template Acquisition and CMMI for Services are now all at Law Case With Solution v1.3. While much of the focus of this list is on CMMI for Development, we're updating it slowly but surely to Operations Resume Examples at least address CMMI for Services, too. Meanwhile, we'll just point out that the three constellations share 16 core process areas; CMMI for Load – Integra Development and for Services share the Operations Executive Resume - Template Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) process area.

The CMMI for Acquisition has a total of Business Studies Solution, 21 PAs, and Services has a total of 24 PAs. The delta between core, core + shared, and Executive - Template, total are those PAs specific to the constellation. More on that later. We would like to thank our friend, Saif, for pointing out that our original answer was not nearly doing justice to those in need of help. The update to this answer was a result of his keen observation. Thanks Saif! The Process Areas of CMMI are listed below. They were taken directly from their respective SEI/CMMI Institute publications. We first list the Character Letter Court Jvwithmenow.com core process areas, also called the Executive Resume - Template CMMI Model Foundation or, CMF. Then we list the process area shared by two of the constellations, DEV and SVC, then we list the process areas unique to Reference Letter | | Jvwithmenow.com each of the three constellations, in order of chronological appearance: DEV, ACQ, then SVC. All the Examples - Template PAs are listed in For Excel, alphabetical order by Executive - Template acronym, and for those who are interested in Maturity Levels, we include in brackets '[]' which Maturity Level each PA is part of.

We're also listing the purpose statement of Lab Report Template Business Template, each one. We should also note that in process area names, purpose statements, and Executive Resume - Template, throughout the text, in CMMI for Life - Td Texture Services , the notion of project has largely been replaced with the notion (and use of the term) work. For example, in CMMI for Services , Project Planning becomes Work Planning , and so forth. The rationale for that is the result of months of debate over the relevance and Operations Executive Resume Examples - Template, subsequent confusion over the concept of a project in the context of service work. While the Resume concept of a project *is* appropriate for many types of services , it is quite inappropriate for most services, and, substituting the notion (and use of the term) work for project has effectively zero negative consequences in Operations Executive Resume Examples, a service context. This may raise the question of why not merely replace work for project in all three constellations? In the attitude of this CMMIFAQ, our flippant answer would be something like, let's take our victories where we can get them and Septic Load Test – Integra Home Inspections, Allentown, walk away quietly, but a more accurate/appropriate answer would be that product development and acquisition events are generally more discrete entities than services, and the vast majority of product development and acquisition events are, in Operations Executive, fact, uniquely identified by the notion of a project.

Furthermore, there is nothing in the models that prevent users from restricting the interpretation of project or work. It's just that re-framing project and work in Second Life Marketplace Texture, their respective contexts made sense in a broader effort to reduce sources of confusion. Process Areas of CMMI Model Foundation (CMF) -- Common to Executive Resume Examples All CMMI Constellations. The purpose of Second Life Marketplace - Td "weathered Seamless Texture, Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) is to identify causes of defects and other problems and take action to prevent them from occurring in the future. Configuration Management, [ML 2] The purpose of Configuration Management (CM) is to establish and maintain the Resume - Template integrity of work products using configuration identification, configuration control, configuration status accounting, and configuration audits. Decision Analysis Resolution, [ML 3] The purpose of Decision Analysis and Law Case Studies With, Resolution (DAR) is to analyze possible decisions using a formal evaluation process that evaluates identified alternatives against established criteria.

Integrated Project Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Integrated Project Management (IPM) is to Operations Resume Examples - Template establish and manage the project and the involvement of the For Excel relevant stakeholders according to Operations Executive an integrated and defined process that is tailored from the Court | | Jvwithmenow.com organization's set of Executive - Template, standard processes. Measurement Analysis, [ML 2] The purpose of Character Court, Measurement and Analysis (MA) is to develop and sustain a measurement capability that is Executive Resume used to support management information needs. Organizational Process Definition, [ML 3]

The purpose of Organizational Process Definition (OPD) is to establish and maintain a usable set of organizational process assets and work environment standards. Organizational Process Focus, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Process Focus (OPF) is to plan, implement, and deploy organizational process improvements based on a thorough understanding of the current strengths and weaknesses of the organization's processes and process assets. Organizational Performance Management, [ML5] The purpose of Septic Load Test – Integra Allentown, Organizational Performance Management (OPM) is to - Template proactively manage the organization's performance to meet its business objectives. Organizational Process Performance, [ML 4]

The purpose of Organizational Process Performance (OPP) is to establish and maintain a quantitative understanding of the performance of the Surveymonkey For Excel organization's set of Operations Executive Resume, standard processes in Business Solution, support of quality and process-performance objectives, and to provide the Resume - Template process performance data, baselines, and models to quantitatively manage the organization's projects. Organizational Training, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Training (OT) is to develop the skills and knowledge of people so they can perform their roles effectively and efficiently. Project Monitoring and Control, [ML 2] The purpose of project Monitoring and Lab Report, Control (PMC) is to provide an understanding of the ongoing work so that appropriate corrective actions can be taken when performance deviates significantly from the plan. Project Planning, [ML 2] The purpose of Project Planning (PP) is to establish and maintain plans that define project activities. Process and Operations Resume, Product Quality Assurance, [ML 2]

The purpose of Process and Product Quality Assurance (PPQA) is to Surveymonkey For Excel provide staff and management with objective insight into processes and associated work products. Operations Resume Examples? Quantitative Project Management, [ML 4] The purpose of Quantitative Project Management (QPM) is to Hydraulic Test – Integra quantitatively manage the project's defined process to Resume - Template achieve the Reference Court project's established quality and Operations Executive Examples, process-performance objectives. Resume | Resume Cv Cover? Requirements Management, [ML 2] The purpose of Requirements Management (REQM) is to manage requirements of the products and product components and to identify inconsistencies between those requirements and the work plans and work products. Risk Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Risk Management (RSKM) is to identify potential problems before they occur so that risk-handling activities can be planned and Executive Examples, invoked as needed across the life of the product or project to mitigate adverse impacts on achieving objectives.

Shared by CMMI for Development and CMMI for Services. The purpose of Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) is to manage the acquisition of products from suppliers. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for Development. The purpose of Product Integration (PI) is to assemble the product from the product components, ensure that the product, as integrated, functions properly, and deliver the product. Requirements Development, [ML 3] The purpose of Requirements Development (RD) is to produce and Septic Load Test – Integra Inspections,, analyze customer, product, and product component requirements. Technical Solution, [ML 3] The purpose of Technical Solution (TS) is to design, develop, and implement solutions to requirements. Operations Resume? Solutions, designs, and Character Reference Court | |, implementations encompass products, product components, and product-related lifecycle processes either singly or in combination as appropriate.

Validation, [ML 3] The purpose of Validation (VAL) is to demonstrate that a product or product component fulfills its intended use when placed in its intended environment. Verification, [ML 3] The purpose of Verification (VER) is to Executive Examples ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements. Process Areas Unique to Septic Hydraulic Load Test – Integra Inspections, Allentown CMMI for Acquisition.

The purpose of Agreement Management (AM) is to ensure that the supplier and the acquirer perform according to Executive the terms of the supplier agreement. Acquisition Requirements Development, [ML 2] The purpose of Acquisition Requirements Development (ARD) is to develop and analyze customer and Hydraulic Load Test – Integra Home Inspections,, contractual requirements. Acquisition Technical Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Technical Management (ATM) is to evaluate the supplier's technical solution and to manage selected interfaces of Executive Resume, that solution.

Acquisition Validation, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Validation (AVAL) is to demonstrate that an acquired product or service fulfills its intended use when placed in its intended environment. For Excel? Acquisition Verification, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Verification (AVER) is to ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements. Solicitation and Supplier Agreement Development, [ML 2] The purpose of Solicitation and Supplier Agreement Development (SSAD) is to prepare a solicitation package, select one or more suppliers to deliver the product or service, and establish and Operations Resume - Template, maintain the supplier agreement. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for Septic Hydraulic Test – Integra Inspections, Services. The purpose of Capacity and Availability Management (CAM) is to ensure effective service system performance and ensure that resources are provided and used effectively to support service requirements. Incident Resolution and Prevention, [ML 3] The purpose of Incident Resolution and Prevention (IRP) is to ensure timely and Resume Examples - Template, effective resolution of service incidents and prevention of service incidents as appropriate.

Service Continuity, [ML 3] The purpose of Service Continuity (SCON) is to establish and maintain plans to ensure continuity of services during and following any significant disruption of normal operations. Service Delivery, [ML 2] The purpose of Service Delivery (SD) is to deliver services in accordance with service agreements. Service System Development * , [ML 3] The purpose of Septic Test – Integra Home, Service System Development (SSD) is to analyze, design, develop, integrate, verify, and validate service systems, including service system components, to satisfy existing or anticipated service agreements. * SSD is an Addition As such, it is at the organization's discretion whether to implement SSD, and, whether to include SSD in Executive - Template, a SCAMPI appraisal. Service System Transition, [ML 3] The purpose of Chemistry | Best, Service System Transition (SST) is to Executive Resume Examples deploy new or significantly changed service system components while managing their effect on Resume | Resume Cv Cover Letter ongoing service delivery. Strategic Service Management, [ML 3]

The purpose of Strategic Service Management (STSM) is to establish and maintain standard services in concert with strategic needs and plans. How are the processes organized? A: This question will look at the organization of Executive Resume Examples, Process Areas as they are organized to one another. The next FAQ question addresses the elements of each Process Area. Process Areas are organized in two main ways, called Representations. Two questions down, we answer the next obvious question: What's the difference between Staged and Continuous? For now, just trust us when we say that this really doesn't matter except to Character Letter Jvwithmenow.com a very few people and organizations who really geek out over this idea of Operations Executive Resume, pathways through an improvement journey. Ultimately, if you really only care about improving performance, representations don't matter one bit. What is each process made up of?

A: Each process area is made of two kinds of goals, two kinds of practices, and a whole lot of Life Marketplace Stone Texture, informative material. The two goal types are: Specific Goals and Generic Goals. Which then makes the Operations Executive Resume Examples two practices to also follow suit as: Specific Practices and Generic Practices. Astute readers can probably guess that Specific Goals are made up of Specific Practices and Generic Goals are made up of For Excel, Generic Practices. Every Process Area (PA) has at least one Specific Goal (SG), made up of at least two Specific Practices (SPs).

The SPs in any PA are unique to that PA, whereas, other than the name of the PA in each of the Generic Practices (GPs), the GPs and Generic Goals (GGs) are identical in every PA. Hence, the term Generic. PAs all have anywhere from 1 to 3 Generic Goals -- depending on which model representation (see the previous question) the organization chooses to use, and, the path they intend to be on to mature their process improvement capabilities. The informative material is very useful, and varies from PA to Resume PA. Readers are well-advised to focus on the Goals and Practices because they are the required and expected components of CMMI when it comes time to be appraised. Again, if improving performance is important to you and appraisals are not something you care about, then these goal-practice relationships and normative/informative philosophies don't really matter at all. Read more about that here. If all you want is improvement, and appraisals are not necessarily important, then it doesn't really matter how the model is organized.

Use anything in it to make your operation perform better! How do the Maturity Levels relate to one another and Surveymonkey, how does one progress through them? A: We touch on this subject below but here is some additional thinking about the subject: Maturity Level 2 is very very basic. This is the minimum that an Examples - Template organization could achieve by Chemistry merely hiring professional, experienced project managers and allowing them to do their jobs. These project managers would work directly with the organization's leaders and Executive Resume, owners to help projects be successful and the organization to be profitable. They would routinely communicate with the leaders and make adjustments. Companies struggling to incorporate or demonstrate use of the Hydraulic Load Test – Integra Allentown practices in CMMI ML2 are likely to be widely inconsistent with when they deliver, the quality of Operations - Template, what they deliver and their profits are likely to be highly unpredictable. Such organizations frequently take on more work than they can handle. They then proceed to do a poor job of planning the level of effort and dependencies required to complete the work. - Td Stone? When projects don't meet financial or customer expectations, companies who don't perform ML2 practices don't know where to begin to start to understand why and they typically turn to specific people to try to figure out what went wrong.

Very often people (internally or customers) get blamed for the missed expectations rather than realizing that the Operations - Template problems really started with their own lack of situational awareness. ML2 does not guarantee project success (no ML does), but it increases awareness of what's going on, good or bad. WE often wonder how companies who fail to incorporate ML2 practices into their work even stay in business! process management, the technical/operational work of delivery (development or services, etc.), and organizational change and development. to work with the PM (from ML2) would naturally perform the practices found in Surveymonkey, ML3. Executive Resume Examples - Template? The reason to add such people is to: facilitate communication and coordination throughout the organization and to learn and share observations from the successes and failures of other projects, establish performance norms for how to do the materially core work of the organization, and put in place the mechanisms for continuous improvement, learning, strategic growth, and decision-making. Furthermore, you would have the PM involved in Template, ensuring the time and Operations Executive - Template, effort required to look across the organization is not used-up by the projects.

These additional experts would work with the PM to Studies Solution help them make use of the most effective approaches to Executive Examples - Template meeting their projects' needs. While projects often don't provide useful performance data until near the Surveymonkey end of the work, these new experts would help the organization's leaders understand how well the organization is performing from the inside even while projects are in Executive, the middle of execution. ML3 organizations use data and metrics to Business Law Case Studies With help understand their internal costs and Operations Executive Resume Examples - Template, effectiveness. They are also typically better than ML2 organizations at asking themselves whether or not their processes are good, not just whether their processes are followed. What's the difference between Staged and Continuous? A: It's just different ways of looking at the same basic objects. The main difference is Load Home Inspections, Allentown simply how the model is organized around the path towards process improvement that an organization can take.

That probably sounds meaningless, so let's get into a little bit about what that really means. The SEI, based on the original idea behind the CMM for Executive Resume Software, promoted the notion that there are more fundamental and more advanced (key)* process areas that organizations should endeavor to get good at on Business Studies With the way to Resume - Template maturing their processes towards higher and For Excel, higher capabilities. In this notion, certain process areas were staged together with the expectation that the groupings made sense as building blocks. Since the latter blocks depended on the prior blocks, the groupings resembled stair-steps, or levels. The idea then was that the first level didn't include any process areas, and Operations Executive Examples, that the first staging of (K)PAs* (the actual level 2) was a set of very fundamental practices that alone could make a significant difference in Character Letter Jvwithmenow.com, performance.

From there, the Operations Executive Examples next staging of PAs, or level 3, could begin to Life Beige" Stone exploit the foundational PAs and begin to affect process improvement changes from a more detailed technical and managerial perspective. Executive Resume Examples? Whereas, up through Level 3, where PAs had some degree of autonomy from one another, Levels 4 and Business Law Case, 5 add Process Areas that look across all the Operations Examples other process areas as well as other activities not exclusively limited to process-area-related efforts. While Levels 4 and 5 only add a total of Chemistry Lab Report | Best Business, four PAs, they are not in the least trivial. They add the Executive Resume Examples maturity and Hydraulic Test Allentown, capability to manage processes by numbers rather than only by subjective feedback, and they add the ability to optimize and continuously improve process across the board based on Operations Executive Resume Examples - Template a statistically-backed quantitative understanding of effort and process performance. Then along comes a group of people who said, in effect, why not be able to improve any one process area to the point of optimization without having all process areas needing to be there? In fact, why not be able to focus on process areas with high value to Cv Cover Letter the organization first and then go after other process areas, or maybe even ignore any process areas that we don't really need to improve? In the staged representation, which is the original Software CMM approach, this ability to mature a capability in any one process area doesn't exist, so in CMMI, the idea of a Continuous representation was taken from Resume Examples, a short-lived Systems Engineering CMM and implemented -- whereby an organization could choose to get really really good at any number of PAs without having to put forth the effort to implement low-value or unused PAs. This becomes especially meaningful to Solution organizations that want to be able to benchmark themselves (or be formally rated) in only areas that matter to them. *In the Operations Resume original CMM for Resume Cv Cover Software, the process areas were called Key Process Areas, or KPAs, and, there was no distinction between types of Operations Executive Resume - Template, levels (see below), therefore there was only one type of level, and when someone said level 3 everyone understood. Letter | | Jvwithmenow.com? In CMMI, there are two level types which correspond to the two model representations.(see below) Saying, level in the context of CMMI is Executive Resume Examples - Template incomplete. However, for anyone reading this FAQ from the beginning, this concept has not yet been introduced, and we didn't want to start adding terms that had not yet been defined.

What's the difference between Maturity Level and Capability Level? A: They are different ways of rating your process areas. Let's start with the basics. A Maturity Level is what you can be appraised to and rated as when the Surveymonkey organization uses the Staged Representation of the Operations Executive Resume Examples - Template CMMI, and Second Marketplace Beige" Stone Texture, a Capability Level is what you can be appraised to and rated as when the Resume Examples organization uses the Reference | | Continuous Representation of the CMMI. As for the details. A Maturity Level X means that an organization, when appraised, was found to be satisfying the goals required by process areas in that level (X). Those goals are a combination of Executive Examples, specific and generic goals from a pre-defined set of Character Reference Court | |, Process Areas. Executive Resume Examples? Each Maturity Level has a particular set of PAs associated with it, and in turn, within those PAs have a delineated set of goals.

Maturity Level 2 (ML 2) in CMMI for Development requires the Second Life "weathered Stone following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 2 within them: Requirements Management (REQM) Project Planning (PP) Project Monitoring and Operations Resume, Control (PMC) Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) Measurement and Analysis (MA) Process and Product Quality Assurance (PPQA), and For Excel, Configuration Management (CM) Maturity Level 3 (ML 3) in Resume Examples, CMMI for Reference Jvwithmenow.com Development requires the ML 2 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Requirements Development (RD) Technical Solution (TS) Product Integration (PI) Verification (VER) Validation (VAL) Organizational Process Focus (OPF) Organizational Process Definition (OPD) Organizational Training (OT) Integrated Project Management (IPM) Risk Management (RSKM), and Operations Executive - Template, Decision Analysis and Business Law Case Studies, Resolution (DAR) Maturity Level 4 (ML 4) requires the ML 2 and 3 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Organizational Process Performance (OPP) and Quantitative Project Management (QPM) And finally, Maturity Level 5 (ML 5) requires the ML 2-4 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Organizational Performance Management (OPM) and Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) For CMMI for Services and CMMI for Acquisition, the Examples idea is the same, only some of the process areas are swapped out at both ML 2 and ML 3 for Reference | | their respective disciplines. You can refer back to this question to Executive Resume - Template fill in the blanks on which PAs to swap in/out for CMMI for Business With Services and CMMI for Acquisition at Operations Executive Examples ML2 and ML3. You'll notice that MLs 4 and 5 are the same across all three constellations.

Now, if you recall from the Hydraulic Test earlier FAQ, the Continuous representation is tied to Operations Executive Resume - Template the Generic Goals, and from above, Capability Levels are attained when using the Continuous representation. So with that, Capability Levels are then tied to the Generic Goals. Demo? As we noted earlier, there are no collections of Executive - Template, PAs in Character Reference Letter | |, Capability Levels as there are in Maturity Levels or the staged representation. Operations - Template? Therefore, it is far simpler to explain that a Capability Level is attained PA by Chemistry | Best Business PA. An organization can choose (or perhaps not by choice, but by de facto performance) to be a different Capability Levels (CLs) for different PAs. For this reason, the results of a SCAMPI based on the Continuous Representation determine a Capability Profile that conveys each PA and the Capability Level of each one. Basically, the Operations Executive Resume Capability Level of Letter | | Jvwithmenow.com, a PA is the highest Generic Goal at which the organization is capable of Executive Examples - Template, operating. Since there is actually 3 Generic Goals, 1-3, an organization can be found to be operating at a Capability Level of Character Court | |, ZERO (CL 0), in Operations Executive Resume - Template, which they aren't even achieving the first Generic Goal which is simply to Achieve Specific Goals

Thus, the three Capability Levels are (in our own words): Capability Level 1: The organization achieves the specific goals of the respective process area(s). Law Case With Solution? Capability Level 2: The organization institutionalizes a managed process for the respective process area(s). Capability Level 3: The organization institutionalizes a defined process for Resume - Template the respective process area(s). What are the Generic Goals?

a.k.a. What are the differences among the | Best Template Capability Levels? a.k.a. Executive Resume Examples - Template? What do they mean when they say process institutionalization ? A: The Generic Goals *are*, in fact, perfectly parallel with the Capability Levels. In other words, Generic Goal 1 (GG1) aligns with Capability Level 1 (CL1). GG2 with CL2, and GG3 with CL3.

So when someone says their process area(s) are performing at Capability Level 3 they are saying that their process areas are achieving Generic Goal 3. The Generic Goals are cumulative, so saying that a process area is CL3 (or GG3) includes that they are achieving GG1 and GG2 as well. Generic Goal 1 [GG1]: The process supports and enables achievement of the specific goals of the process area by transforming identifiable input work products to produce identifiable output work products. So, you're wondering what's this business about institutionalization . What it means is the Second - Td Beige" Stone Texture extent to which your processes have taken root within your organization. It's not just a matter of how widespread the processes are, because institutionalization can take place in even 1-project organizations. Examples? So then, it's really about Business Law Case Studies, how they're performed, how they're managed, how they're defined, what you measure and Operations Resume - Template, control the processes by, and how you go about continuously improving upon them.

What's High Maturity About? a.k.a. What's the fuss about High Maturity Lead Appraisers? a.k.a. What's the fuss about the Second Beige" Stone Texture informative materials in Executive, the High Maturity process areas? A: High Maturity refers to the four process areas that are added to achieve Maturity Levels, 4 and 5:

Organizational Process Performance (OPP), Quantitative Project Management (QPM), Organizational Performance Management (OPM), and Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) Collectively, these process areas are all about making decisions about projects, work, and Letter Court | | Jvwithmenow.com, processes based on performance numbers, not opinions, not compliance, and eventually not on Operations Executive Examples rearward-looking data, rather, forward-looking and predictive analysis. the only required and expected components of the model are the goals and practice statements, respectively, and misunderstanding and/or misinterpretation of the model high maturity practices. The action to address these facets stems from Business Law Case Studies With, a flood of findings that many high maturity appraisals didn't accept as evidence those artifacts that convey the proper intent and implementation of these higher maturity concepts were applied at the organizations appraised. In fact, the opposite was found to Operations Executive Examples - Template be true. That, what *was* accepted as evidence conveyed that the Resume high maturity practices were clearly indicating that the practices were *NOT* implemented properly. It's not that organizations and/or appraisers purposely set out to deceive anyone.

The matter was not one of ethics, it was one of understanding the concepts that made these practices add value. It was even found that organizations were able to generate erroneously-assumed high-maturity artifacts on foundations of erroneously interpreted Maturity Level 2 and 3 practices! What's a Constellation? A: A constellation is a particular collection of process areas specifically chosen to help improve a given business need. Currently there are three (3) constellations: Development: For improving the development of Executive Resume, (product or complex service) solutions. Second Marketplace "weathered Beige" Seamless Stone? Acquisition: For improving the purchasing of products, services and/or solutions. Services: For improving delivery of services and creation of - Template, service systems (say, to Law Case operate a solution but not buy it or build it in the first place). There are 16 of the process areas common to all three constellations, Basically, in all CMMIs, you have all the - Template process areas listed here minus the following process areas specific to CMMI-DEV: A quick reminder that the For Excel process ares listed here are for the DEV constellation only.

The SVC and ACQ constellations have the core 16 noted above, plus some others for their respective constellation-specific disciplines. How many different ways are there to Operations Executive Resume Examples - Template implement CMMI? A: Infinite, but 2 are most common. But before we get into that, let's set the record straight. You do *not* implement CMMI the way someone implements the requirements of Letter, a product. The only thing getting implemented are your organization's work flows along with whatever standard processes and Operations Executive Examples, associated procedures your organization feels are appropriate--not what's in CMMI. CMMI has nothing more than a set of Lab Report | Best, practices to help you *improve* whatever you've got going on. CAUTION: If whatever you've got going on is garbage, CMMI is unlikely to help.

AND, if you create your organization's processes only using CMMI's practices as a template you'll not only Operations never get anything of value done but your organization's work flows will be dreadfully lacking all the important and necessary activities to operate the business! Where in our workflow does *that* happen? How does *that* show up? What do we do that accomplishes *that*? Or simply, add the words How do we ___ ahead of any practice and put a question mark at For Excel the end. For any practice where you don't have an answer or don't like the answer, consider that your operation is at risk.

EVERY CMMI practice avoids a risk, reduces the impact of Executive Resume, a risk, buys you options for future risks/opportunities, or reduces uncertainty. EVERY.ONE. Second Life Marketplace Beige" Stone? You might need a bit of expert guidance to help you refactor the practice so that it appears more relevant and Operations Examples, useful to your particular needs, but there is a value-add or other benefit to every practice. Truly. (Admittedly, whether or not there's value to *your* business to Hydraulic Test Inspections, modify your behavior to realize the benefit of Operations Executive Resume Examples - Template, a given practice is an entirely different question.) The blunt-object approach resembles what many process improvement experts call process silos, stove pipes, or layers. This approach is also often implemented *to* a development team *by* some external process entity with brute force and very extreme prejudice. So, not only does the blunt approach employ some very unsavory techniques, subjecting its royal subjects to Surveymonkey cruel and unusual process punishment, it also (in its design) is characterized by a look and feel of a process where each process is in its own vacuum, without any connection to other processes (or to Resume Examples reality, for that matter), and where the practices of the processes are somehow expected to be performed serially, from one to the next, in the absence of any other organizational context. A few other common (non-exhaustive, and not mutually-exclusive) characteristics of the non-recommended approach include:

Heavy emphasis on compliance irrespective of Chemistry Lab Report Template | Best Template, performance. Little or no input from staff on what the processes should be. Using CMMI practices as project or process requirements. Measures and goals that have little/nothing to do with actual business performance. No one can answer the question: Outside of compliance, what has the Operations Executive Resume - Template process done for my bottom line? Complaints about the Resume | Resume Cv Cover Letter cost of Operations Executive Resume - Template, compliance from people who actually watch things like the bottom line. If so many implementations of Studies With, CMMI are guided by Executive Examples - Template an (internal or external process) expert, one might (justifiably) wonder how and Template | Best Template, why CMMI processes could ever be implemented in such an obviously poorly conceived approach! There are two (sometimes inter-related) reasons: Lack of Executive Resume Examples, understanding of the model, and Being an expert process auditor, and Home Inspections, Allentown, not a process improvement expert. Unfortunately, being an expert process auditor does not make someone a process improvement expert.

However, one need not prove themselves an expert in process improvement to train, consult, or appraise in the CMMI. We wish it weren't so, and, it might be changing, but for now, that's the way it is. So, what you have are many people who become experts in CMMI, but they're really only experts in the model's text and in Operations Executive Examples - Template, appraising an organization's ability to read the text and produce text-book artifacts. Second Life Marketplace "weathered Seamless? They're not necessarily experts in Examples - Template, process improvement or performance excellence , in general, or in implementing CMMI in particular. We've come across countless examples of organizations' attempts to implement CMMI while being led by someone (or plural) who was at Template least one of the two types of persons, and too frequently, both at once. Frightening, but true.

The jury is still out on whether it's worse to be led by such a non-expert or to attempt Do-It-Yourself CMMI implementation. What the jury is definitely in agreement on is that if your focus is on CMMI and not on improving business performance, you're really wasting your time. Again, we digress. We can't allow ourselves to explain our favored reality-based approach without first explaining what the other approach really is. Not so that our approach looks better, and not because we must justify our approach, but because we feel that it's important for Executive Resume Examples - Template people new to CMMI and/or to process/performance improvement to be prepared to recognize the signs of doom and be able to Chemistry Lab Report do something about it before it's too late. All kidding aside, believe it or not, there are organizations for whom the Executive Resume - Template blunt/silo/stove-pipe approach actually works well, and we wouldn't necessarily recommend that they change it. Demo? These organizations tend to share certain characteristics including any number of the following: being larger, bureaucratic by necessity, managing very large and/or complex projects; and, there's an Resume Examples - Template actual, justifiable reason for their approach. In fact, in these cases, the effect is actually neither blunt, nor particularly silo'd, but these types of organizations have other mechanisms for softening the effect that such an approach would have on smaller projects/organizations. And, that is precisely, how we can characterize the Surveymonkey For Excel main difference between the two approaches: we believe that the reality-based approach to implementing CMMI works well in most types of organizations and work/projects of most scope, where the brute-force approach would not. What does the blunt/brute-force/silo/stove-pipe approach look like? In a nutshell, the traits of that approach are: Organizational processes mirror the process areas.

This alone makes no sense since the process areas aren't processes and don't actually get anything out the Executive Resume Examples door. Resume | Resume? Process area description documents are prescriptive and implementation of the Executive Resume Examples processes do not easily account for the inter-relatedness of the Jvwithmenow.com process areas to one another, or of the generic practices to the specific practices. Furthermore, the processes seem to be implemented out-of-step with actual development/project/services work. Nowhere in the descriptions or artifacts of the processes is it clear how and when the process gets done. It's not a matter of poorly written processes, quite the opposite, many of these processes are the exemplar of process documents. Operations? What these processes lack is Surveymonkey For Excel a connection to the work as it actually happens. Without a process subject-matter expert on hand, it's unlikely that the process would actually get done. In many cases (thanks to the sheer size of the organization) such processes *are*, in Executive, fact, done by a process specialist, and not by personnel doing the work. In other words, with such processes, if an Second Stone organization doesn't have the Operations - Template luxury of process specialists to do the Demo Cv Cover process work, it would be difficult for someone actually doing the real work who is trying to Operations Resume follow the processes to see how the process activities relate to his or her activities and/or to see when/where/how to Life "weathered Seamless Stone Texture implement the process activities on actual tasks at Operations Examples - Template hand. Because of this, this approach to CMMI often has the feel (or the actual experience) of an external organization coming in to do CMMI *to* the organization, or as often, that staff members must pause their revenue-oriented work to complete process-oriented activities.

Therein lies the greatest draw-back (in our opinion) to the most common approach. Character Reference Letter Court | | Jvwithmenow.com? Instead of process improvement being an Operations Resume Examples - Template integral and transparent characteristic of everyday work, it becomes a non-productive layer of overhead activity superimposed on top of real work. And yet, this seems to be the prevalent way of implementing CMMI! Crazy, huh? Why is it so prevalent? That's where the Chemistry Lab Report Template Template two reasons of poor implementation, above, come in. People who don't understand the model as well as people who are not process experts (and therefore may have a weak understanding of the model) don't truly get that the model is not prescriptive, and Executive Resume - Template, so they attempt to Lab Report Template | Best Business Template make it a prescription. Operations Executive Examples - Template? Auditing and appraising to a prescription is far easier and Septic Hydraulic Load – Integra Allentown, less ambiguous than auditing and appraising to a robust integrated process infrastructure. Frankly, the common approach suits the lowest common denominator of companies and appraisers. Those companies and appraisers who aren't after true improvement, and Resume Examples, are only after a level rating, and who are willing (companies -- unknowingly -- (sometimes) ) to sacrifice the morale and productivity of Second Life Marketplace - Td Beige" Stone, their projects for Operations Resume Examples the short-term gain of what becomes a meaningless rating statement. Alright already!

So what's the reality-based approach about?! The reality-based approach starts with a premise that a successful organization is already doing what it needs to be doing to Resume | Resume Letter be successful, and, that process improvement activities can be designed into the organization's existing routines. Furthermore, the reality-based approach also assumes that, as a business, the organization actually *wants* to increase their operational performance. Note the Operations Resume Examples - Template use of designed into. This is crucial.

This means that for reality-based process improvement (reality-based CMMI implementation), the operational activities must be known, they must be definable, and, they must be at Business Studies With work for the organization. Then, activities that achieve the Operations Examples - Template goals of Character Letter | |, CMMI can be designed into those pre-existing activities. This whole business of designing process improvement activities into product/project activities illuminates a simple but powerful fact: effective process improvement (CMMI included) requires processes to be engineered. Resume Examples? Sadly, a recent Google search on process engineering turned up few instances where the search term was associated with software processes, and most of those positive hits were about software products, not process improvement. Septic Load Test Inspections, Allentown? The results were even more grim with respect to Executive Resume Examples improving acquisition practices, but, happily, there are many strong associations between process engineering and the notion of services and Demo | Resume Letter, other operations. Resume Examples - Template? There is hope. Besides the reality of what's already working, other attributes of our preferred implementation approach is that we don't expect the processes to be done by someone else, and, we don't expect them to magically apparate into Hydraulic Inspections, Allentown existence. For both of those attributes to be in place, the reality-based approach doesn't rely on process descriptions to make the processes happen. Instead, the Operations Executive Examples practices that achieve the - Td "weathered Texture goals of the processes are built into the very product, service and project activities of the organization's work, and, the process descriptions simply describe where in Operations - Template, that work to find the practices happening.

One other attribute of our approach that is in stark contrast with the most common approaches is this: one of the expected practices of every managed process area is Surveymonkey that they are planned for - Template each project. The common approach interprets this as requiring a distinct plan for each process area for each project/work effort. Our approach categorically rejects this notion in favor of an epiphany we like to Cv Cover share with clients: You can have a plan for performing each process without having to create an Resume Examples entirely new plan for doing so as long as you've already done all the Life Marketplace - Td "weathered Stone Texture planning. If a process works well, why re-plan it if the only thing that will change is who, when, and the project names (if that)? Planning for Operations Executive Resume - Template performing a process is part of institutionalizing a managed process, which is what Generic Goal 2 (thus, Capability Level 2) achieves. If not re-inventing the planning piece for each project *is* appropriate, can't the same be said for the remainder of the practices in institutionalizing a managed process? We believe, yes. In the end we extend this concept to Inspections, Allentown account for the capabilities of having managed and defined processes. We extend it in such a way that any and all processes an Operations Executive Examples organization wants to Law Case Studies With Solution improve can be managed and defined whether or not those processes come from CMMI. Resume Examples - Template? The reality-based process improvement approach (CMMI or not) results in Business Law Case Studies Solution, process improvement artifacts that appear where the real work gets done, and not as an overhead process, or a process performed by process commandos, or a process that only Executive generates artifacts if developers and project managers have to go searching for proof that the process was performed.

For what it's worth, this approach is what we at Entinex call Agile CMMI. Do we have to For Excel do everything in Executive Examples - Template, the book? Also known as: What's actually required to be said that someone's following CMMI? A: The Goals are required. Everything else is Chemistry Template | Best Template mostly commentary.

Let's be frank (as if we haven't been frank thus far). The only time whether or not you're doing what's in Executive - Template, CMMI (or not) matters is if/when you're aiming to | Resume Cv Cover Letter be appraised. Otherwise, you'd just do whatever you want to Executive - Template get the most improvement out of and ignore what you don't need. Having said that, the Character Reference Letter Jvwithmenow.com context of this answer is then about what's required for people who want it said that they are doing CMMI, and for the most part, this means that they're going to Operations Executive - Template determine this via an appraisal. In fact, nowhere in Life "weathered Beige" Texture, the CMMI model literature does it discuss CMMI requirements for process improvement. The model is very careful to only use terms that imply that requirements of the Operations Examples model are for the model, not for process improvement.

That's why CMMI is just *a* model for Letter | | process improvement, not *the* model for Operations Resume - Template it. Second Life - Td "weathered? The discussion of CMMI as far as requirements are concerned are in the materials that define the appraisal. This is also an often misunderstood aspect of CMMI. SO. in the context of performing activities that appear like they came from the model -- especially where an appraisal is concerned -- there are three types of model content components: required, expected, and informative The goals are required. Achieving/satisfying all the goals of a process area satisfies the process area. Since goals don't get done by themselves (sports analogies work well here), an organization must be performing some kind of Resume, practices in order to For Excel achieve a goal, therefore, in the absence of any other practices, CMMI provides some practices that an organization might perform to satisfy each goal. That's why the practices are expected, but not required.

The organization might have entirely different practices and Resume, might have a different number of practices, either of which are entirely OK as far as CMMI goes, but *something* must be happening to achieve a goal. If an organization is *doing* something, then it must be resulting is some form of identifiable, tangible output. However, not every organization does the Business Law Case Studies same thing, therefore not every organization produces the same outputs, and therefore sub-practices, most narratives and sample work products of Operations Resume Examples - Template, a process' practices are only informative, and neither expected, nor required. Just to be technically complete, there is Life - Td more content in the model, but it doesn't even fall into Executive Resume the informative content component. The appraisal even has a term for practices that achieve goals that aren't in the model. They're called (logically enough) alternative practices ! It logically leads to the reality that an organization's alternative practices include sub-practices and produce work products that aren't in Resume | Resume Cv Cover, the model. What does this mean for an appraisal or the appraiser?

It means that in order to demonstrate that an organization's process area (or a goal) is Operations Resume satisfied, they might not be able to solely rely on the stated practices, typical work products, or sub-practices of Second - Td Stone Texture, a process area. This means that not only might it be a good bit of work before an appraisal for the appraiser(s) to get up to speed and elbow-deep into Operations Executive Examples - Template an organization's processes, but it could even drag with it the need to be somewhat competent in the kind of work an organization does or tools they use. Letter? DANGER! That kind of Operations Examples, in-depth involvement puts appraisers (and consultants) at some risk: they might be exposed for not being competent in the ways and means of modern operations! (Did we just say that?) Well, in for a penny. let's go the Hydraulic Load Test Home Inspections, whole way. We have a saying around here, the first part most people have heard of: Those who cannot do, teach. [We added this next corollary:] Those who cannot teach, audit. It's much easier on the appraiser if the expected model components were investigated as required and if some of the informative materials were also expected or required in order to demonstrate the (now, newly promoted) required parts (in their minds). - Template? This is closely tied to our discussion above regarding the implementation approaches. For Excel? But until now, we didn't have enough background to get into it. The blunt approach to CMMI is replete with verbatim practices (which is Executive Examples often fine -- except where they're just floating out there without being tied to everyday work) and verbatim sub-practices, which starts to get a little fishy since sub-practices often change with the context of the projects, and verbatim typical work products, which is even fishier since it's rare that any one piece of an organization's work will use/need/produce so many work products. These are the tell-tale signs of an Resume Demo organization that doesn't really understand CMMI, or an Executive Examples appraiser/consultant who's just plain lazy (or worse, incompetent)! Why does it cost so much?

A: Well that's a loaded and ambiguous question! What qualifies as so much? We'll just tell you what goes into the costs here and you can determine whether it's reasonable for you or how you can go about minimizing cost or maximizing value. Here are the variables that go into Chemistry Lab Report | Best Business the factors that affect cost: Where you are *now* with respect to your implementation of process improvement using CMMI? (i.e., Present-State or Gap Analysis Results) How process-oriented is your company? Do you understand process improvement? Do you have a culture that embraces a disciplined approach to killing-off things that don't work in favor of things that do? Do you have process improvement professionals on staff? Are you dedicating explicit resources to managing your process improvement activities?

How much process improvement implementation work will your company do on its own? vs. How much process improvement implementation work will your company need outsider help doing? How much progress do you think you'll be able to Examples - Template make? Meaning, how fast can you absorb change? Will implementing process improvement always be competing for Reference Letter Court | | Jvwithmenow.com resources from other work? Will all the time for implementing a process improvement system be outside ordinary billable hours? And, How quickly do you want to make progress? Other considerations include your organization's size, the kind of work you do, the kind of products you build and techniques and Operations Executive Examples, tools you employ to build them, the For Excel kind of contracts you find yourself in, your relationship with your clients, the way you manage your projects, skills your people have and Examples - Template, the nature and composition of your organization and management structures. NOT trivial. Here's another reason people perceive that implementing CMMI costs so much: Implementations that went bad.

There are far more bad implementation stories than success stories. By bad we simply mean those implementations that, while many of them did achieve a maturity level ratings, and all the while they were spending lots of time and money, they were also causing disillusionment, cynicism, and processes that fundamentally didn't work! It's very easy to screw-up process improvement implementation, with or without CMMI. Because CMMI is a very complete model, it has the Surveymonkey side-effect of further complicating process improvement. The easiest way to screw it up is to Executive Resume Examples - Template attempt to implement the CMMI model as either a development standard and/or as a checklist (making all non-required pieces to Surveymonkey For Excel CMMI required), and/or by buying so-called CMMI-enabling tools. While there are also many ways to being a CMMI implementation success story, what these stories share in common are the Operations Executive Resume Examples following attributes: Treat process improvement with the same rigor as a technical project. Business Law Case Studies? Create a process architecture that reflects how real work is Executive Resume done, then find where/how that reality can be improved as a business process. Executive management understands the model, what's being done, what's going to change, how *their* jobs will change, and the meaning of Resume Demo | Resume Letter, commitment. Create and sustain a culture of process improvement. Executive Resume Examples - Template? Recognize that process improvement takes time and discipline, exactly like a nutrition and Texture, exercise program.

And, Process Improvement can't be done *to* a project, it's done *by* the project by the very nature of their work, not by any explicit CMMI activities But, we are not in Executive Resume Examples, a position to give numbers. We hope you now understand why. Why does it take so long? A: That's a loaded and Law Case Solution, ambiguous question! What qualifies as so long? We'll just tell you what goes into - Template the time frames here and you can determine whether it's reasonable for you or how you can go about minimizing time or maximizing progress. Please see the previous question.

Why would anyone want to do CMMI if they didn't have to do it to get business? A: Because they must be perceiving that the Chemistry Template | Best Business way they do technology development or services now isn't giving them everything they want or need to Examples - Template be confident in their ability to Character Reference Letter | | Jvwithmenow.com produce the results they want/expect (profit, happy clients, low overhead, etc.) and to do it in a consistent way. If that's not you, move on. Otherwise, give CMMI a shot and check back here for more elaboration on Resume Examples - Template this topic soon. Isn't CMMI just about software development? A: Nope. It can be used for Character Reference Court Jvwithmenow.com Systems Engineering, Integrated Product Development (i.e., large, complex projects), and Supplier Sourcing. It can even be abstracted so it can help organizations who do technology services as well. More on that coming up. What's the difference between CMMI v1.1 and v1.2? A: Since the current version of CMMI is v1.3, we won't get into detailed differences between v1.1 and v1.2, but a summary of major changes to the model (only) are as follows:

Both representations (Staged/Continuous) are packaged together. The advanced practices and common feature concepts were eliminated. Examples - Template? Hardware amplifications and examples were added. All definitions were consolidated in the glossary. IPPD practices were consolidated and simplified. There are no longer separate IPPD process areas; IPPD concepts became additions noted by | Best +IPPD after two PAs (OPD and IPM). Executive Examples? These PAs gained new goals and practices invoked only for organizations wanting IPPD. Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) and Integrated Supplier Management (ISM) were consolidated, and the original v1.1 Supplier Sourcing addition was eliminated. Demo | Resume Cv Cover? Generic practice (GP) elaborations were added to the (maturity/capability) level 3 GPs. An explanation of how process areas support the implementation of Examples, GPs was added.

Material was added to Character Reference | | ensure that standard processes are deployed on projects at Executive Examples their startup. With v1.2, there were changes to the SCAMPI process and all CMMI training courses as well. What's the Load Test – Integra Inspections, difference between CMMI v1.2 and v1.3? A: CMMI v1.3 does several things: Aligns all three (3) constellations (DEV, SVC, ACQ) at once. Clarifies language around many practices and goals by removing unnecessary (and sometimes confusion-adding) language. Focuses more on Operations improvement -- without assuming things are necessarily bad now and that all users need CMMI just to Business Law Case bad to good and that users might just be looking for CMMI to help them go from good to Operations great. Tightens language so that goals and Chemistry Lab Report Business, practices more clearly state what was intended. Substantially re-writes high maturity process areas (i.e., maturity level 4 and Operations Executive, 5) to reflect the original intentions of those areas (that somehow got lost in committee) and to Character Reference Letter Court | | Jvwithmenow.com close loop-holes exploited by Resume - Template less scrupulous users.

In that effort, the Second Life Marketplace - Td Beige" Seamless Stone Texture Organizational Innovation and Deployment (OID) process area has been replaced with Organizational Performance Management (OPM) Eliminates Generic Goals 4 and 5, and Operations Examples - Template, as a result,. Eliminates Capability Levels 4 and 5. Eliminates the IPPD addition from the DEV constellation. Removes references to projects where there is no reason to Lab Report | Best Business limit the use of practices to such specific management constructs. Re-orients the Operations Executive Resume Examples concept of a project to that of work in CMMI-SVC. Adds several narratives to help CMMI practices be interpreted in agile environments. Septic – Integra Allentown? In all three constellations now, the text elaborating Generic Practices from Operations, all process areas were consolidated to Reference Court | | Jvwithmenow.com one location instead of repeated in each process area. This only means that in one place you'll see elaborations for all process areas for Resume Examples each generic practice. For example, you'll see Generic Practice 2.6 (Control Work Products) listed once and under it you'll see elaborations for Resume Demo Letter each of the process areas to help understand how it applies to Resume Examples each one. Substantial changes to the SCAMPI appraisal method (which, technically, isn't part of CMMI), but *is* part of the CMMI Product Suite.

With each new version, there were changes to Load Home Allentown all CMMI training courses as well. What's the key limitation for approaching CMMI? A: This question comes to us from one of our readers. We love our readers! What's the key effort required in CMMI implementation? A: This question also comes to Operations Resume Examples us from one of our readers. We love our readers!

How do we determine whether to use CMMI for Development or CMMI for Surveymonkey For Excel Services? A: This question (paraphrased) also comes to Operations Resume Examples - Template us from one of our readers. We love our readers! How do customers get from us what we do? Do they submit a request into an existing request system where everyone goes through the same request process and the resulting transaction is only alive for as long (typically short) as the request is outstanding, or, do we build something specific to a specification and/or statement of work where each effort is on a stand-alone contract? How do customers pay for what we do?

Do they pay per request or do they pay for Character Letter | | Jvwithmenow.com effort/results over time? Is there a Service Level Agreement in place that we have to meet? Do we operate more on a transaction basis or more on a trusted advisor basis? (Ignore, for now, what your marketing people say.) What are we trying to improve? How we manage and develop products, or how we provide services? Hopefully, the answers to these questions make the answer to which CMMI constellation to Executive use self-evident. If not, write back, give us some more detail about the situation, and we'll be happy to help you think this through.

How do we get certified? A: OK, let's get something straight here and forever-after: You do not get certified in CMMI. At least not yet. In the US, the concept of a certification carries a specific legal expectation and companies who are *rated* (and that *IS* the right term) to a level of the CMMI are not being certified to anything. So the correct question is, 'how do you get rated?'. And an even more complete question is, 'how do we get rated to a maturity/capability level X?' We'll get to | Resume Letter the difference between Maturity Levels and Capability Levels and what the level numbers mean shortly. The short answer for how to get rated still leaves a lot of information on the table. So, if all you read is Operations Resume - Template this short answer, you'll be doing yourself a disservice. Resume Demo Letter? The really short answer on getting a level rating is that you get appraised by an appraisal team led by Operations Resume - Template an CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser who determine whether you are performing the practices of the CMMI. This answer is so loaded with hidden terms it's frightening.

So just so you know that you've been warned that this answer is too short, we'll point out each of the terms in our previous answer that has hidden meaning in it: getting level rating you get appraised appraisal team led CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser determine whether performing practices CMMI. Character Reference Court? There's a condition, requirement or definition in and of themselves for each one of these words. Don't get annoyed, SEI isn't the first, last, only, or worst organization to create such things. Every non-trivial discipline is loaded with concepts that experts can do in their sleep but that requires effort to Operations understand by everyone else. Hydraulic Load Test – Integra Home Inspections, Allentown? It's true of EVERY profession so, _CHILL_OUT_.

Need an example? Think of it like getting into Executive Resume - Template shape. The short answer is diet and exercise. Brilliant. Wonderful. What do you eat? How much? How often? What sort of work-out routine is right for you?

How do you work out so that you're not just wasting time or harming yourself? See? Don't be so indignant just because you don't like the idea that you need to get a rating and you don't want to. The trend is, that most people asking about what it takes to Surveymonkey get a rating are more interested in Resume, the rating than the Hydraulic Home improvement. That's OK. We understand. Sadly, too well. Keep reading this FAQ. What else did you have to Executive Resume do today anyway? How long does it take?

A: Here's another one of those dead give-away questions that a company is more interested in the rating than the improvement. OK, that's a little unfair. Let's just say that as often as we hear this question, our judgmental attitude holds for Law Case Studies ALMOST everyone who asks it. Allright, so maybe you are the exception. The truth is, it's a fair question. For every company. A rare few companies don't care how long it takes. Lucky them. Applying a generous dose of benefit of the doubt, we can assume that the question is asked not for how soon can we get this out of the Executive way? as much as from Septic Hydraulic Load – Integra Allentown, are there any rules that dictate a minimum time before performing an appraisal? How we can tell whether the company is Operations Executive Examples interested in the improvements vs. the Surveymonkey rating is simply a linear function of how long into the conversation we are before it gets asked.

All-too-often, the source of the question is Operations Executive less ignorance of the process and more ignorance of the point behind going through the Hydraulic Home Allentown process. Process improvement purists wish more people were more interested in the journey than in Examples, the destination. We are process improvement pragmatists. We know you're not looking at CMMI because you had nothing better to do with your time and Surveymonkey For Excel, money. That's for Bill Gates and his very worthy charitable endeavors. The company he's famous for Executive Resume - Template founding is still in Hydraulic Load Test Inspections, Allentown, business for the money.

FAST. So, how long it takes is a real question regardless of how you spend your money. Fortunately, or unfortunately, the answer lies within you, young grasshopper. Resume Examples - Template? Really. We can't give you a much better answer than that. What we can do, however, is give you a list of the Load Test Home Inspections, attributes that you can use to estimate how long it will take you, and give you a few example cases and some very general time-ranges. Let's start again with our favorite analogy. Operations Executive Resume Examples? Say you're carrying around about Second - Td "weathered Seamless Stone Texture, 40lbs. (18.18kg) of Resume Examples, excess body fat.

How long will it take you to Character Reference | | lose the fat? A year? Two? 6 months? Can one person do in Operations Resume, 6 months what another person needs 2 years? We all know the answer to these questions. IT DEPENDS! EXACTLY!

How quickly a company can become rated to a pre-determined point in the CMMI's rating scale depends entirely on For Excel them and their circumstances. It depends on: their level of Operations Executive Resume, commitment, their tolerance for and ability to Character Letter | | implement change, how busy they are, what they know about process improvement in Executive Resume Examples, general and Marketplace - Td Beige" Seamless Stone Texture, CMMI in particular, and it depends on where they are as a starting point and how much of the Executive Resume Examples - Template organization they want to include in the rating. Working backwards from the appraisal itself (NOT including process changes to Chemistry Lab Report Template | Best Business incorporate the CMMI practices or goals--only for planning and conducting the appraisal), the Executive Resume Examples absolute minimum calendar time a company should expect between when the starting gun is fired and when they cross the finish line is a simple matter of logistics. Probably about a month if they're lucky. Resume | Resume? Two months would be more realistic.

These 2 months, of course, are just the logistics and Resume - Template, prep-work necessary to plan and conduct the appraisal and the activities that lead to an appraisal. Obviously, this time frame would only be realistic if the Resume Demo | Resume Cv Cover company was completely ready for the appraisal, had done all their homework, knew exactly what the state of their process implementation was and were literally trying to do nothing more than figure out how much time they had before they could conduct the appraisal. Of course, such a company wouldn't be asking the question. Executive Resume? They'd already know. So then there's almost everyone else. Everyone else needs time to first determine where they are in their implementation of CMMI practices. This is like saying, first we need to. find out how much excess fat we're carrying around. A trip to Reference Jvwithmenow.com the right physician would answer this. For CMMI, it's called a Gap Analysis (a term we, here, don't like because it presumes something's missing where we prefer to merely look at the Present State ) and can take a week or two. Then, depending on those factors bulleted earlier, the gap found by the analysis would need to be filled.

This is the Resume - Template part where a company would need to figure out Hydraulic Home Inspections,, what it's optimum sustainable diet and Executive Examples, exercise routine should be, and, how long to stick with it to see the desired results. In CMMI v1.1, there were 25 Process Areas, and in v1.2 and v1.3 there are 22 for CMMI for Development and Acquisition , and 24 for Services . There are two ways to Hydraulic Load Home Allentown look at Operations - Template them. The duration of the gap closure activities would also be a function of Character | | Jvwithmenow.com, how many (and which ones) of the Resume Process Areas the organization wanted appraised. Each of the Surveymonkey For Excel Process Areas could be analogous to some aspect of a healthy lifestyle such as food choices, food quantity, shopping, cooking, meal planning, exercises, frequency, repetitions, technique, equipment, blood work, rest, stress management, work environment, time management, and Operations, so on. Obviously, the more of the lifestyle someone wanted to adopt, the longer it would likely take. Once a gap is filled (i.e., the weight is lost and/or new muscle mass is added), an Surveymonkey organization should give itself at least 2-3 months (on the short-project end) to 12-16 months (on the larger project end) to actually use their processes. This would provide them with enough data to Operations Executive Examples actually conduct an appraisal.

However, the actual metric isn't the Reference Letter Court | | calendar , it's the cycle-time of - Template, their development processes. Often called their development life-cycle. Clearly, projects that get from estimate to delivery ( life-cycle ) quickly are going through their processes and generating artifacts of doing so. This is the value to key off of moreso than the clock. On the fat-loss analogy, this would be like finding that point where diet and exercise are enough to keep the weight off and one is able to demonstrate to themselves (or others, as needed) that they can, in Character Court, fact, live and sustain a healthy lifestyle -- in the face of temptation and other uncertainties.

Once people internalize how process improvement works, how long it takes to earn a rating is a question such people stop asking. Operations Executive Resume? Like fat loss and getting into shape, process improvement is a discipline backed by many best practices. And, just like getting into shape, people are still seeking a silver bullet. We, on the other hand, stick to a healthy diet and exercise program. When we're off track we know it. We gain fat and feel like crap.

When we're on it, we see the results. How much does it cost? A: If you've read the answer to the previous question and Law Case Studies With Solution, are still asking this question then you must really only Operations Examples - Template be wondering about fees, attributes of cost or other general costs. Business Law Case With Solution? Otherwise, go and read the answer to How long does it take? because time is money and what it costs is largely a matter of what you spend time doing. As for fees, attributes of cost and Executive Examples, other general costs, here's break-down of things that can or will cost you money towards being rated to a capability or maturity level of the CMMI: The Lead Appraiser will need time to meet with you to plan the appraisal, perform some preliminary evidence review (called Readiness Review) and then to perform the appraisal. The range of what Lead Appraisers charge is Hydraulic Load Test – Integra Inspections, pretty wide.

Most charge about $2000/day +/- $1000. As a benchmark for your ball-park, the CMMI Institute has a small cadre of Lead Appraisers who can be hired (NOTE: only Operations Executive Resume a few handfuls of Lead Appraisers actually work for the CMMI Institute, most are employees of other companies or operate independently of the CMMI Institute.). Reference Letter | |? Prior to Operations Executive Examples - Template transferring to the CMMI Institute, the SEI used to charge at least $1800/day from the moment they leave their home (or their last engagement) to the moment they get back home (or to their next engagement). They also charge for all travel expenses as well as time they spend away from your site to do their preparatory and concluding activities. Also, they will often work by Septic Hydraulic Load Test Home Inspections, the book. Meaning, a guidebook exists that assists with planning appraisals.

The guide suggests that, based on the scope of the appraisal, appraisals be scheduled for a certain duration and Executive Examples - Template, not be condensed into fewer days and longer hours. Lead Appraisers are free to charge whatever they want. not many charge the way the SEI once did. (The CMMI Institute will have its own rates that, as of Chemistry Lab Report Template Business, this udpdate, were not known to us at the CMMIFAQ.info site.) Someone will also need to - Template provide Appraisal Team Training to the people you plan to have on the Appraisal Team. This takes 2 days and is usually done by a Lead Appraiser, and best if done by the Lead Appraiser you plan to have doing your appraisal. So, plan on the Lead Appraiser needing about 1-3 weeks to do the preparatory work for an appraisal, including Appraisal Team Training and at least one Readiness Review, and then 1-3 weeks to perform the appraisal itself (depending on the scope), then another day to wrap-up all the For Excel paperwork. Appraisal Team Members. Every Appraisal for a rating is done by a team.

The minimum number of people is 4 and Operations Executive, that can include the Lead Appraiser. Every person on the team must meet certain individual pre-requisites and contribute to certain team-wide qualifications. (More on that in Marketplace "weathered, answer.) It is Operations Executive Examples - Template best if the team's constituents include people from your company as well as outsiders. At the appraisal, if you don't have (and can't create) qualified people in your company to be on the team, then you will need to bring in outside team members. (Most Lead Appraisers keep these in their back pockets -- kinda.) Outside team members are essentially consultants and charge as such. You're doing well if you can get outside team members for $1000/day. This would be very high-value. And, if you're only charged for a day where 1 day = the date on the calendar, and For Excel, not 1 day = 8 hours, you're doing VERY well. Process Improvement Consulting. If your organization needs to Operations Resume Examples - Template get up to Template Business Template speed on CMMI, you'll probably do one of two things: (1) Look to hire an employee with the expected expertise, or (2) Look to hire a consultant with the expertise.

Which you choose to do depends on your organization's needs. The pros and cons of either approach are a basic matter of business and strategy. Either way, there's a cost. As for consultants, they're a lot like Lead Appraisers. Operations Resume? And yes, many Lead Appraisers are also consultants. So, what and how they charge is Chemistry Template | Best Business Template largely up to them. Fees. There are no SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for improving your processes, using their models, or getting an appraisal. The only fees charged by the SEI or CMMI Institute are for courses licensed by them to the providers of such services, and for using their own in-house consultants or Lead Appraisers. There *are* fees for people using their materials when delivering licensed training. First of all, only authorized or certified people can use the Operations - Template material and when such people do so, and Resume Demo, the people in class want it to be official, there's a licensing fee that goes to the SEI and/or CMMI Institute.

Consulting firms can charge whatever they want and call it whatever they want, but if anyone is implying that there are SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for consulting or appraising, they're only Operations Resume implying this. What they're really doing is Character Court simply separating the time you're paying for doing certain things from the Operations Executive Examples time you're paying for Hydraulic Load Home Inspections, doing other things. For example, they might say that there's a fee to file your appraisal results. Not with the SEI or CMMI Institute, there's not, but it does take time and it's reasonable for them to Executive Resume - Template simply charge you some amount for the time it takes them to put in all the paperwork. Other General Costs.

As above, the only other general costs associated with an appraisal are: Official training, and Resume Demo | Resume Letter, your employees' time on the clock. NOTICE what's *NOT* in the list above: TOOLS. There is NO requirement for the purchase or use of any tool. Anyone saying that in order to Executive Resume Examples comply with CMMI (or the appraisal) that you must purchase a tool, they're full of Demo | Resume Letter, *crap!* Some consultants do use tools as part of Operations Executive Examples, their work and as part of you hiring them you are also buying a license to use the tool. That's OK.

Since you will end up using the tool after they're gone, it's reasonable that you should pay for For Excel using something that is either the consultant's intellectual property, or something they bought and Operations Executive, are bringing to the table. And, it's up to you if you want to hire that company. It's not reasonable for you to hire a consultant who tells you they use a tool and Septic Hydraulic Load Test – Integra Home Inspections,, then tell them not to use it so you don't have to pay for their tools. Many consultants work their pricing structure into the productivity and efficiencies they gain by Operations Examples - Template using a tool and asking them to stand by Surveymonkey For Excel their rates when you've asked them to leave their tools in Operations Resume Examples, the shed is Chemistry Lab Report Business not playing nice. On the other hand, anyone telling you that if you don't buy their tool then you are not going to meet the CMMI's requirements or pass the appraisal is FLAT OUT LYING LYING LYING. and should be reported to the SEI/CMMI Institute!

And, you can do that by taking a number of actions listed here. What's involved (in getting a rating)? A: Um. that's a little broad, don'chya think? But, we get that question frequently enough so we might as well answer it. At least at Operations Resume - Template a very high altitude. There are three broad steps towards achieving a level rating:

This is usually called a gap analysis or present state analysis. The right person to do this is Resume Demo Cv Cover Letter someone who really understands the Operations Executive Resume CMMI and how to appraise for Character Reference Letter Court | | the CMMI. Too often we get into companies who thought they were simply smart enough to do it themselves -- in some cases doing nothing more than downloading the model and reading it which is enough for very few organizations, but it's extremely rare. Even taking the Operations Resume Examples SEI's licensed Introduction to Demo | Resume CMMI course(s) seldom provides enough of an understanding to determine, without any other direct experience, how closely your company is performing the expected practices of CMMI, or how your particular implementation of the practices will fare in an appraisal. - Template? Also, please don't make the following mistake: Assume you're golden just because you've been through an ISO 9000 audit, you've won the Malcolm Baldridge Award, or even been in an organization assessed to the intent of SW-CMM. We've actually found that prior experience with other process-oriented bodies of work can work against Letter | | Jvwithmenow.com a company's true understanding of what CMMI is about, how to implement it effectively, and how to appraise their practices. Once you know what and where your gaps are in implementation you're ready for the next broad step. This is usually called, in CMMI circles, Process Improvement Although this step implies that your processes aren't up to the task as they stand now, what it really implies is Examples that you will likely be making some changes to your current processes as you implement CMMI's practices and the method you should follow is one of process improvement and For Excel, not simply a re-skinning of your paper trail. The entire purpose behind CMMI is Operations Executive Resume Examples that of performance improvement via process improvement , and Surveymonkey, companies that simply slap a layer of CMMI processes over top of what they're currently doing is not process improvement, it's death by process; it's WASTE. It's come to our attention that CMMI has a reputation as being death by process as it is. We firmly believe that it's the latter approach towards CMMI implementation, as described in the previous paragraph, that causes this, not CMMI.

To be blunt (you're used to it by Examples - Template now, yes?), slapping CMMI over top of your existing process, those processes that you feel have been working all along, is a STUPID way to implement CMMI. On the other hand, if you do find value in practices CMMI promotes, then what you want to For Excel be doing is implementing them in a way that continues to Resume - Template provide you with the value-proposition of the Surveymonkey things you like about your current processes and Operations - Template, replacing or adding with CMMI those things that could use some strengthening. Marketplace - Td Beige"? The smoothest way to this approach is by following CMMI as a guide to building a systemic process improvement infrastructure. Again, please be advised that doing this on your own without a CMMI expert employee or consultant is not advisable for the same reasons having an expert is best for Operations Executive Examples performing the present state analysis. One last comment on this step (and it's a bit of an unsung truism about the CMMI): companies who are honestly thrilled with their current process and really have a handle on Demo Letter the outcome of their efforts are probably doing a lot of what the CMMI would have you doing. Such companies may call their activities by different names, they might reach the goals in a less traditional way, but ultimately, they are getting the job done and are still in Examples - Template, business, so they must be doing things right. (Or at least doing the With Solution right things.) If this is you, then your effort towards implementing CMMI is going to be quite painless and enjoyable. Oh, OK. there really is one other important point: CMMI says precious little about organizational culture and leadership necessary to make any of Executive Resume Examples, this work. First and foremost, improving performance must address the organizational psychology of the business. If/when there are issues with the organizational psychology, they are nearly always a negative effect on Demo Cv Cover Letter improvement.

If the organizational culture and Operations Executive Examples, psychology are not conducive to Reference | | improvement, give it up. Getting appraised is what most people think about when they are looking at CMMI. The appraisal is what gives an organization their Level. Once the appropriate expert can make a sound call on your organization's implementation of the CMMI practices, you can start planning for an appraisal. Details of the appraisal are answered elsewhere in this FAQ.

How does the appraisal work? A: NOTE: This answer is for v1.3 of the appraisal method. Operations Executive - Template? Users of prior appraisal methods may not recognize this. Just so you understand that the complete answer to this question is Business Studies ordinarily delivered in 2 days' worth of training. We're obviously limited in what we can explain here. We're going to pick up the appraisal with the portion of the appraisal that most people think about: the on-site period. It's that period of time when there's an appraisal team at your company and they're looking at your evidence and conducting interviews (or performing some other accepted form of Executive Resume, verbal affirmation). It's at the end of this period that a company gets the results of the appraisal and, when all goes well, a rating. So. Letter? that's pretty much what happens at the appraisal: A team, lead by Operations Executive Resume Examples a Lead Appraiser looks at evidence and makes a judgment on that evidence regarding the Resume Cv Cover extent to Executive Resume Examples which the it demonstrates that CMMI's practices are being implemented.

There are 2 types of evidence: Artifacts and Affirmations. The evidence comes from the work products of actual organizational activities (projects, services, etc.). In actuality, instead of specifying that evidence come from projects the term is Basic Units. Business Law Case Studies With? The number of projects (er, Basic Units) is a function of the organization to which the rating will apply. You need a sample of Basic Units representative of the organization. And, no, you can't pick them, the - Template Lead Appraiser works with you to pick them; and, no, you can't look at only the best aspects of the Surveymonkey For Excel organization and puzzle together all the good-looking evidence from Examples, a bunch of different activities. The characterizations are then looked at in aggregate according to rules in the MDD across all Basic Units. Basically, after aggregating the characterizations across all Basic Units, no single practice can be characterized as less than Largely Implemented or it will spell disaster. Even then, if certain practices are found even Largely Implemented, and the appraisal team believes there's a pattern in Surveymonkey, what they're seeing that causes these practices to only be found as Largely Implemented, the Operations Executive team may still choose to say that whatever's causing these practices to Solution not be Fully Implemented is worrisome enough to preclude the organization from Operations Executive - Template, achieving the goals of the Process Area, and if any goal in a Process Area isn't achieved, then it can't be said that the Resume Demo Cv Cover Letter whole Process Area is being satisfied, can it? And, that, our friends, is how the appraisal works: it's a search for whether the organization is satisfying the Executive - Template goals of those Process Areas in scope of the appraisal. Basic Units are drawn from Sub-Groups.

Sub-Groups are distinguished by a set of key factors that differentiate on Sub-Group from another. Location: if work is performed in more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is whether or not the processes and other relevant attributes are different). Surveymonkey? Customer: if different customers are served by different Basic Units or are served differently because of who the customer is or what they require. Size: if work is performed differently based on the size of the Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the size of the effort. Operations Resume Examples - Template? Organizational Structure: if work is performed differently in different parts of the organizational structure. Type of work: if there is more than one distinct type of Second Life "weathered Beige", work done in the organization (mobile apps vs. mainframe, hardware vs. software, systems of systems vs. electronic components). Once you distinguish Sub-Groups based on - Template these factors (and others, that you and your lead appraiser may determine to be relevant), there's an equation that is used to ensure that the Reference number of Basic Units chosen from each Sub-Group is representative of the Resume Examples size of the Sub-Group and is representative of the Sub-Group's sizes in relation to the entire organization under consideration.

A: Ah-ha! Finally! A quick and Business Law Case Studies, easy question! Who can do the appraisal? A: Another quick and Examples, easy question, thanks! A Certified Lead Appraiser. Certified by who? The SEI and/or CMMI Institute. Lead Appraisers (as of this writing) have to qualify by surviving the following activities in this order (sort-a): Introduction to CMMI Intermediate Concepts of CMMI, or two distinct CMMI for Practitioners courses Being a team member on at least 2 SCAMPIs* SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training, various examinations throughout, and Character Reference Letter, Being observed performing a SCAMPI by one of a very few number of people the CMMI Institute trusts to do that sort of thing *Participating on 2 SCAMPIs can happen any time after the Introduction to CMMI course but must happen prior to Operations Executive - Template applying for SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training.

The placement of SCAMPI participation is unrelated to when someone takes Intermediate Concepts of Marketplace "weathered, CMMI or the two CMMI for Practitioners courses. NOTE: There is a distinction for High Maturity appraisals and Lead Appraisers. High Maturity are appraisals performed to a target maturity level of Operations Executive Resume, 4 or 5. High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLA) are required to take more coursework, more exams (written and oral), and to qualify in much greater depth of experience and Character Reference Court Jvwithmenow.com, knowledge in concepts found in Executive Examples - Template, the Maturity Level 4 and 5 process areas. For all SCAMPI A Lead Appraisers, the now obsolete designation was authorized. Character Reference Court? Authorized Lead Appraisers who have not moved forward to Executive Resume Examples - Template become certified Lead Appraisers (whether or not high maturity) are no longer qualified to perform SCAMPI A appraisals. Make sure your Lead Appraiser is qualified by asking them for this certification. (This certification does not apply to SCAMPI B C Team Leaders -- they are not certified, they remain authorized.) IMPORTANT!

ALSO, as of v1.2 (2006) of the MDD: The organization being appraised needs to Resume have a contractual relationship with the Examples Partner Organization sponsoring the Lead Appraiser performing the appraisal in order for the appraisal to Character Letter Court be valid. This rule stayed in place in Operations Executive, MDD v1.3. Can we have our own people on the appraisal? A: Yes! Yes, in fact, it's encouraged. The appraisal team must be at least 4 people strong (including the Character Reference | | Jvwithmenow.com Lead Appraiser), and with your company's employees on the appraisal team you increase the odds of Executive Resume - Template, buy-in to the appraisal process as well as follow-up and follow-through on any recommended actions from the appraisal.

There are a number of qualifications potential team members must meet, the most logistically challenging of them being that candidate team members must have had a licensed delivery of the Introduction to CMMI before going into the appraisal activities (which begin a month or more before the actual on-site period). A few other details are also expected which should be worked out - Td "weathered Stone Texture, between your company and your Lead Appraiser. Can we have observers at the appraisal? A: Let's first start by defining what an Operations Resume - Template observer is. An observer is For Excel someone who is not qualified to be on the appraisal team, or, despite being qualified is Operations not actually on the appraisal team, but is hanging around with the appraisal team while they do their thing. OK, got that? What sort of evidence is required by the appraisal? A: There are 2 types of evidence: Artifacts and Affirmations. For each practice in Second Life Marketplace - Td "weathered Seamless Texture, the scope of an appraisal, the requirement for evidence (in a SCAMPI Class A appraisal -- which we'll get to later) requires either Artifacts and Affirmations, or either Artifacts or Affirmations, as a function of the Operations Executive Examples - Template volume of work being appraised and - Td "weathered Beige" Stone Texture, several other factors determined by the evidence sampling rules. These are the actual product or output of following a procedure, performing a process or some direct or supporting output or outcome of implementing a practice. It's fairly simple.

If, for Executive Examples example, the way you implement a practice says you are to fill out a certain template, then the filled-out template is a Direct artifact of the practice. It doesn't matter whether the Law Case Studies Solution artifacts are a direct work product of the process or whether the artifact is Operations a clear support to performing the work necessary to produce a work product. Septic Test – Integra Home Allentown? Artifacts are simply something tangible coming from having the Executive Resume Examples - Template practice performed. Business Studies? Sometimes these are agendas or minutes from meetings where it can be seen that a certain topic was addressed, and it happens that working through the Resume Examples issue is, in effect, doing a practice. Another common example would be where different versions of the Surveymonkey same work product demonstrate that the work product was updated over time. Operations Resume? And, successive versions would indicate that a process was in place to make the changes. If the Reference Letter | | Jvwithmenow.com practice says to keep track of changes, these versions could be used to demonstrate that changes were made, and one could infer that there was some way to - Template keep track of them even though the fact that changes were made isn't actually the same as keeping track of Studies Solution, changes. Sometimes, it might even be something the appraisal team can observe while it's happening. Executive Resume Examples? All of which are tangible.

Essentially interviews. These can also be obtained through other means such as surveys and demonstrations, most appraisals find it useful to conduct face-to-face interviews with the Marketplace - Td "weathered Beige" Stone Texture people who are actually doing the work, and hopefully, performing the practices. Again, the mix of artifacts and Operations Executive Examples, affirmations are an important detail that follow specific rules. The rules themselves are HIGHLY context-dependent. You're best working with a Certified Lead Appraiser on how to apply the rules to Surveymonkey your specific situation. The rules themselves are in the Method Definition Document (MDD v1.3). Executive Resume? Look for the terms Coverage, Sampling, or Data Sufficiency. How much of our company can we get appraised? A: The part of your company that gets the actual rating is called the Organizational Unit. This can be the entire company or only parts of it as determined by For Excel the types of work (and as such, the types of processes) the Operations Resume Examples - Template company wants the appraisal to be performed on, and as a result, the appraisal results to apply towards.

How many projects (basic units) need to be appraised? A: NOTE: Since the SCAMPI (appraisal) method applies to more than just CMMI for Development, the Second Life Marketplace - Td "weathered Beige" Texture notion of what is appraised is no longer limited to projects. The broader (if, admittedly, more vague) term, basic unit is used. Basic Unit is the Operations Executive Examples - Template name applied by the CMMI appraisal method to Resume Demo the dimension of work performaned by an organization as evaluated in an appraisal. In many cases, these Basic Units are discrete projects or types of services . But because projects or types of services don't always meet the needs of an appraisal (or of an organization scoping an appraisal), we use Basic Units as a more generic term. Basic units are drawn from Operations Executive Resume - Template, Sub-Groups of the organization. Location: if work is performed in more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is Second Beige" Seamless whether or not the processes and other relevant attributes are different).

Customer: if different customers are served by different Basic Units or are served differently because of Operations Executive Resume - Template, who the Character Letter Court Jvwithmenow.com customer is Resume Examples or what they require. Size: if work is performed differently based on the size of the Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the size of the effort. Organizational Structure: if work is performed differently in different parts of the organizational structure. Type of work: if there is more than one distinct type of work done in the organization (mobile apps vs. – Integra Home? mainframe, hardware vs. Operations Executive Resume? software, systems of systems vs. electronic components). Can we have more than one appraisal and With Solution, inch our way towards a rating? A: No, At least not yet. Well, at least not in Operations Executive Examples, the way you're thinking. You can have as many appraisals as you want, however, at this time, if you want a Maturity Level rating (or even a Capability Level rating -- more on that later), you will only Letter achieve that if the Resume Examples - Template appraisal looks at all the evidence for all the Process Areas in the scope of the appraisal in a single appraisal. Life - Td "weathered Seamless? There is Operations Executive talk afoot of allowing something like a cumulative appraisals where you can do some subset of an appraisal scope then come back and do a little more, and so on until you've completed the scope and then putting it all together for a rating, but that's not how it works today. If you do perform several appraisals where none (except, perhaps, the last) are for a complete Maturity Level, it would only serve to Second - Td Beige" Stone Texture provide you a sense of how you're doing, you couldn't use the Operations - Template results of those appraisals to pare down what needs to be done at the appraisal you're conducting for all the marbles. If we go for a level now, do we have to Surveymonkey go through it again to get to the next level?

A: Yes. Whether you are pursuing a Maturity or Capability level rating, you go through all the evidence again for whatever levels you achieved before. One reason is that at Executive - Template this time there are no mechanisms in place to allow for cumulative appraisals, which is what would be necessary to make this approach work. However, even more fundamentally, the appraisal team and Lead Appraiser can't be expected to assume that there would be evidence from the lower levels to support the higher levels' activities. Even more basic than that is the Surveymonkey For Excel fact that the Resume Examples levels support one another and it would be very unlikely that appraising to a higher level could be accomplished without evidence from the earlier levels. The only exception to this is if an appraisal is spread out over a period of time, and is, in fact, one long appraisal.

The time-limit for completing a single appraisal is For Excel 90 days. How long does the certification last? A: Setting aside the fact that it's *NOT* a certification (See #1), the current answer is that Appraisal Results will be recognized by the CMMI Institute for three (3) years from Operations Executive, date of the appraisal's acceptance by the CMMI Institute (or if prior to 1 Dec 2012, by the SEI. What is the difference between SCAMPI Class A, B and C appraisals? A: The differences boil down to the level of rigor, and, as reflection of the level of rigor, to what the outcomes can be. How do we pick a consultant or lead appraiser? A: Anyone claiming to be a lead appraiser must be certified by Second "weathered Seamless the CMMI Institute to do so. Executive Examples - Template? The CMMI Institute refers, collectively, to all people certified to Resume Demo perform CMMI-related work using their materials as a certified individual. Operations Executive Examples - Template? Thus, all actual lead appraisers are certified individuals.

You can search/sort a list of such people here, and, specifically limit your search to lead appraisers. To narrow your search to a geographic area, you're better off searching for a CMMI Institute partner. Lab Report Business? The partner search has many more ways to search, which includes limiting to Operations - Template a certain type of service offered. And then, once you find a partner, you can see the authorized individuals associated with that partner. Caveat Emptor (buyer beware), and Pick one who you feel can understand your business and your needs; your context . WHY must the buyer beware? Because interpreting models for Lab Report Template | Best Business Template how a given implementation can be done, and - Template, also recognizing that a given implementation of a model is a legitimate interpretation of the model are far from exact science. CMMI is a model not a standard, as we've said many times before. It's not something that, when applied, will look the Load Test Allentown same each time. Furthermore, as we've said, the practices in the model are not processes themselves, they are practices to improve processes.

It takes skill to effectively interpret the model and implement it in a given situation, and, it takes contextual relate-ability to Operations Executive Examples appraise whether the model has been implemented or interpreted properly/effectively. Where can we see a list of organizations that have been appraised? A: Finally! A question with a simple, straight-forward and easy answer! There are, however, a few points to keep in mind: Not all organizations have asked to be listed in | | Jvwithmenow.com, the system, not appearing does not guarantee they have not been appraised. If an organization has changed their name after being listed, they will *not* be listed with their subsequent name(s), organizations are only listed with the Operations name they had when the appraisal was performed. Pay close attention to the Organizational Unit (OU) (discussed on Septic Test Home Allentown this FAQ here) of the appraisal. Operations Examples - Template? Though you may be interested in validating whether a company has been rated, it's rare that entire companies are rated (especially if the For Excel company is not small). A company may be listed, but the organizational unit in the listing may not be the same as the one you're looking for.

Or, there may be several organizational units within a single company. Executive Resume - Template? Do not take for Business Studies granted that the organization you are researching is (or its people are) the same as the Operations Executive Examples one appearing in the system. Once all the Demo | Resume appraisal data is fully completed and submitted to the CMMI Institute, it can take 30 days before appearing in the PARS. Most common causes of taking longer include: appraisal team or sponsor not completing their appraisal experience surveys, appraisal sponsor not signing the appraisal disclosure statement (ADS), or issues with the results that are being investigated by CMMI Institute's SCAMPI QA process. What happens when a company with a CMMI rating is Operations Executive - Template bought, sold, or merged with another company? A: Current and Character Letter | | Jvwithmenow.com, prior versions of appraisals (through and including v1.3) are patently rearward-looking. Executive Examples - Template? Furthermore, in v1.3, explicit sampling factors were put in place to distinguish important characteristics of the organizations being appraised that may cause the circumstances and therefore the processes to change from one part of the Law Case Solution operation to another. As such, the only valid statements that can be made about an Operations Resume - Template organization and appraisals performed on the organization are statements related to the specific organization named in the appraisal results at the time of the appraisal.

What's the official record of the appraisal results? A: The Appraisal Disclosure Statement (ADS) is the sole and entirety of the official results of the appraisal, regardless of what does or does not appear in the CMMI Institute's Published Appraisal Results System, (PARS). Nothing in any appraisal presentation, and unlikely anything to Character Reference Court | | be found framed and on the wall at Executive a company, or printed on Business Studies a large banner and hung from Operations Executive Resume, a footbridge are official or complete indication of what exactly was appraised and the meaning and context of the results of an appraisal. Template? (It's unlikely, but possible, that a company might actually frame their ADS. It's several pages long; but in the spirit of avoiding any absolutes we can't prove, above, we used the phrase . and unlikely anything to be found. .) In any case, the ADS is generated by the Lead Appraiser after all the other data has been collected and submitted to the appraisal system. It's signed by the appraiser and the sponsor, and contains all the details of the Executive Examples appraisal, its circumstances, the Template | Best explicit organizational unit to which the results apply, and the results themselves. Examples - Template? If someone were serious about determining whether an Surveymonkey For Excel organization has been appraised, when, to what end, and to what scope, they should request to Operations Executive Resume - Template see the Inspections, non-confidential parts (if any are even confidential) of the ADS. Can we go directly to Maturity Level 5? A: Technically, it *is* possible in Executive Resume - Template, the most explicit use of the Second Life Seamless Stone Texture term possible to be rated directly at maturity level 5. All this means (in the case of Executive, maturity level 5 for Development , for example) is that the organization was appraised performing the Specific Goals of all 22 process areas up to and including Generic Goal 3 of each process area. The fact that they were not level-rated before this results in Character Letter Court | |, the organization having appeared as achieving ML5 directly . What is the difference between renewing the CMMI rating and Operations Examples - Template, trying to get it again once it has expired? A: Generally, the difference is only in how much preparation it takes the organization. In our collective experience, most 1 st -time ratings require some amount of | Resume, transition from the Examples original present state of the Character Reference | | organization's practices to some new present state of practice in later future such that they can attain the desired level rating.

Q: Can my organize go directly to Resume Examples - Template a formal SCAMPI A without any SCAMPI B or SCAMPI C? Is it mandatory that before a formal SCAMPI A, formal SCAMPI C and B should be completed? A: A: We've gotten this question more than a few times, so it's about For Excel, time we put it onto the CMMI FAQ. This is true for *any* SCAMPI A--regardless of whether it is your second, tenth, or first, or any other SCAMPI A. CMMI, Agile, LifeCycles and other Process Concepts FAQs. What if our development life cycle doesn't match-up with CMMI's? A: CMMI isn't a development life cycle. It's a model for building an improvement system to Operations Examples - Template continuously improve very particular areas of what goes on Business Studies during development, regardless of the life cycle. Operations Executive Examples? This is a central tenet of Entinex's approach to CMMI, by the way. Business Studies? Life cycles and management structures, Scrum, Kanban, XP, whatever, are not incompatible with CMMI because they're only related to CMMI in as much as they may cause you to Examples do things that happen to help you improve what you do. CMMI is agnostic to Septic Hydraulic Test – Integra *how* you manage your work, or the methodology you use to develop your products (or deliver services).

CMMI is not where you'll learn how to build your product or deliver your services. CMMI will not tell you how to Operations Resume Examples operate your business. CMMI is only helpful if you already know how to Chemistry Lab Report Template do these things and is then used to improve your performance. Lifecycles are how you get things done. You choose them and CMMI can help you improve within them. Doesn't the CMMI only Operations Executive - Template work if you're following the Waterfall model?

A: NO! CMMI is not about Surveymonkey, development life cycles. While a fair criticism of CMMI is that many of the Resume contributors come from a Waterfall- centric or a Big Plan Up Front, top-down way of developing wares, they were at Lab Report Template least careful not to box anyone into following a specific development method. Nonetheless, it takes very deep understanding of the CMMI to implement it, regardless of which life cycle you follow. We've got more to say on this, so check back in a bit. Meanwhile, you can browse over to our AgileCMMI blog. How does CMMI compare with ISO/TL 9000 and ITIL? (or other standards?)

A: While there is considerable overlap between these models, frameworks, and best practices, they are different from each other and Executive Resume Examples - Template, used for different purposes. People who ask this question come from one (or both) of two camps: They're just totally unfamiliar with CMMI (and/or the others), and are asking innocently enough, and/or They just look at CMMI (and the others) as some standard they need to comply with, and not as something that can make a positive difference in the operations of business. (We've found that last type common among government contracting officers.) Let's address a question of standards first. The process areas and the practices within them are not intended on being or replacing any technical standard for doing anything. Some process areas that share names with other familiar activities have volumes of standards already written for how to Load Home Inspections, perform those activities. Many of the engineering-oriented process areas come immediately to mind such as Configuration Management and Requirements Development. Resume - Template? And this matter brings up a very important, but often neglected, fact about CMMI: it is *not* a standard for technical activities.

And, for whatever CMMI *is* supposed to be used for, it does *not* a prescribe how to do anything in it. People who do not understand how we can try to get away with saying that CMMI isn't prescriptive and doesn't represent a technical standard are simply not fully informed -- or worse -- have been misinformed about CMMI. We'd really love an opportunity to set the record straight. CMMI is about improving management processes associated with developing and delivering technical products and services. CMMI is Demo not about the technical processes needed to Operations Executive Resume Examples - Template actually do the developing and delivering.

The CMMI process areas are what the authors believe to be important elements that contribute to a systematic ability to Second Life "weathered Seamless Stone Texture affect process improvement in and among (the management of) those technical process and practices that actually develop and Executive Examples, deliver the products and services. In essence, CMMI's process areas are the things needed for process improvement of technical activities, not the activities themselves. What CMMI is Surveymonkey For Excel saying is: In order to Operations Examples - Template improve your processes, you need to manage your requirements, risks and configurations; you need to Surveymonkey plan, monitor and control your projects; you need to measure and analyze the Executive Resume - Template output of your efforts; you need to actually pay attention to the performance of your project to how well they follow processes and to whether your processes are working out for you. CMMI then says: if you really want to get good at these things you'd have be making a focused effort on Template | Best Business Template your processes, you'd have standardized process assets, an organization-wide training program and a formality to Executive - Template your technical activities that might otherwise be left to fend for Surveymonkey For Excel themselves. For the true process zeal: you'd be able to Executive - Template quantify the Business With performance of your projects and Executive Examples - Template, processes and Business Law Case Solution, you'd be able improve them by Executive Resume Examples focusing on what numbers tell you to Second - Td Seamless Stone Texture focus on, not just what people gripe about the most. CMMI also says that if you're going to Operations Executive - Template do a process, you should have a policy for doing it, a plan for it, resources, assignments, process-level training, stakeholder involvement, and other activities to make them stick. If process improvement is what you want, it only makes sense, doesn't it? (The types of activities mentioned here are from the Resume Demo Letter process areas and generic practices, in case they weren't familiar to you.)

You see, CMMI has a number of process areas that are needed for technical activities, but their presence in Executive Resume Examples, CMMI is because these process are also needed for process engineering just as much as they are needed for technical engineering. SO, if we disassemble a process area into its purpose and Load – Integra Home Allentown, goals in light of the above understanding we will see that the purpose and goals are not oriented at technical activities, they're oriented towards process improvement activities. Resume Examples - Template? We can hope that in this context, the matter of whether CMMI is a technical standard can be laid to rest, and, we hope that we bring a deeper appreciation for how CMMI works. With that, we can simply explain that ISO/TL 9000 and ITIL have a different focus than CMMI, and just like CMMI has process engineering processes that sound similar to | Best Business technical engineering processes, these other bodies of knowledge also have their similar-sounding activities that are needed and relevant for the purpose they each represent. Since this isn't a FAQ about ISO/TL 9000 or ITIL, we hope it's enough of an answer for Operations Executive Resume now to explain that wherever CMMI has a practice that seems like it's also in another body, CMMI does not innately conflict with the others. Letter Court | |? there are ways of Examples - Template, implementing CMMI that can make them all work well. however, an Test Home Inspections, organization can go about implementing any practice under the Operations Executive Examples sun that could conflict with some other practice, CMMI or otherwise, but it would not be because of anything in CMMI. Aren't CMMI and Agile / Kanban / Lean methods at Demo | Resume opposite ends of the spectrum? A: Not at all. We've got A LOT of content on this subject! Instead of Operations Resume - Template, being very redundant by putting something here, please check out the blog on that topic, and the SEI's Technical Note, CMMI or Agile: Why Not Embrace Both! . How are CMMI and SOX (SarBox / Sarbanes-Oxley) Related? A: They're not. Well. at least not in Surveymonkey, the way that many people think they might be.

See, many people think that because the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of Operations Resume, 2002 (which we'll just call SarBox) frequently involves business process and IT infrastructure and related systems, that it involves CMMI. But, in actually, the connection to Business Law Case Studies With Solution CMMI is Operations - Template rather weak and always is a function of the organization's intentional effort to connect the two. SEI / CMMI Institute FAQs. Why is CMMI Being Taken Out of the SEI? A: CMMI and its predecessors have been worked on by SEI for over 25 years. Much of it was funded by the US Department of Defense (DOD).

The DOD stopped funding CMMI several years ago. However, SEI is Character Reference Letter Court | | still an FFRDC (see here) funded by DOD. In part, for SEI to continue research development (RD) on CMMI, some of the support for that effort would be from money paid to the SEI by Executive Resume - Template DOD for other RD. Marketplace Stone? In 2012 the DOD decided that it wanted the SEI to focus all of its resources on Executive evolving other technologies more urgent to DOD than CMMI and that the CMMI is mature enough to Chemistry Template | Best Business support itself. So, instead of dropping CMMI entirely, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) is Operations creating the CMMI Institute to operate CMMI (and People-CMM and a few other things, eventually). CMMI Institute will be able to evolve CMMI in Surveymonkey, directions independent of the path it was on Examples while within SEI. Who Will Operate the CMMI. A: CMMI will continue to be owned and Business Law Case Solution, operated by Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) through a start-up entity is created in 2012 called the CMMI Institute which will formally assume operation of CMMI on 1 January 2013 . This entity will be able to be more market-focused and industry-driven.

Research will continue, but the research will be more goal-oriented, and, CMMI Institute will operate more like a commercial business than an academic think-tank. The CMMI Institute will have to be self-sustaining since it won't have an automatic funding line from CMU (at least not a significant one) and SEI will not be supporting it. What Will Happen to Operations Executive Resume Examples - Template CMMI? Will CMMI Continue to be Supported? A: CMMI will continue to be supported by CMMI Institute. CMMI Institute will continue to Marketplace - Td Beige" Seamless Texture support existing users while also orienting CMMI towards emerging market-driven needs. We can expect CMMI and its related products and services (such as appraisals) to be evolved in directions that make sense to Resume - Template meet many market segments and to appeal to audiences more broadly than the Hydraulic Test Home Inspections, Allentown RD required of the SEI. We can also expect changes (improvements) in the variety of appraisals, the quality/qualifications of instructors and Executive Resume Examples, appraisers and even possible new designations for appraisals, appraisal results, and Studies With Solution, appraisers. Will CMMI Change? What's the Future of CMMI?

A: CMMI will stay the same for a while, but when it changes, anything is possible. While the current version and architecture of CMMI may continue to Operations Executive Resume - Template evolve along its current trajectory, this is only one possibility. When not directed towards DOD RD, CMMI can evolve along many new paths. For example, CMMI can branch so that there are different versions for Character Letter Jvwithmenow.com different markets. It could split-up so that there are subsets that are re-packaged for different uses/users. Different types of appraisals can be created to meet demands not suitably addressed by Operations Resume versions through v1.3 of Septic Test Inspections,, CMMI and the appraisal methods.

Imagine, for example, versions of CMMI and of appraisals that focus on ongoing improvement in bottom-line performance, or versions that meet the specific targeted needs of Executive Resume Examples - Template, start-ups and their venture backers. Imagine appraisers and | Resume, consultants specifically qualified to Operations Executive - Template work with lean, agile, start-ups, enterprise, operational services, technical debt, or DevOps, each with a version of CMMI, training, and appraisals suited specifically to their business and Lab Report Business Template, without the ambiguity currently experienced with only one version of everything for everyone.. Operations Executive Resume - Template? These are the sorts of things possible now that were not available before. Will Appraisal Results Continue to Be Valid Once SEI No Longer Runs CMMI? A: Appraisal results achieved while CMMI was still under the SEI will still be valid under the CMMI Institute. Appraisal results will expire as per their original expiration dates. Surveymonkey? Appraisals performed after CMMI Institute assumed responsibility for CMMI will follow the same expiration rules per the version of the appraisal performed. Changes to appraisals, appraisal methods, appraisal results, and expiration will be made and Executive, deployed in a manner consistent with the Studies Solution needs of the market and Operations Resume - Template, ordinary refresh and release processes. It should be noted that SEI does not own the intellectual property or related assets of CMMI, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) owns them. Second Life Marketplace - Td Seamless Stone? Therefore, the backing of CMMI and the appraisals has been and will continue to be from CMU. What Will Happen to Executive Examples - Template Conferences and other CMMI-oriented Events Once Sponsored by Lab Report Template Business SEI?

A: SEI will continue to conduct and sponsor its own events and conferences, but they will no longer include CMMI as a focus. Just as for other events and conference, CMMI can't be kept out of the public discourse and use, and, therefore, it's likely that conference/event content within an SEI activity would reference CMMI, SEI will not sponsor CMMI-specific events after 1 January 2013. CMMI Institute will be responsible for its own choice of sponsoring and supporting CMMI events and conferences. While traditional annual CMMI-oriented events may continue to be run, it's also possible that there will be smaller, more frequent CMMI-oriented events that are more targeted either geographically or by market, or both. Will We Still Be Able to Operations Resume Examples Work with Our Current SEI Partner? A: All current SEI Partners in good standing will be offered the opportunity to have their licenses continue to oeprated under CMMI Institute. Business Law Case With? In fact, since the CMMI intellectual property belongs to Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), the licenses are between the Partners and CMU, not SEI. Operations Executive - Template? Other than changes to references to SEI and website URLs, the change of relationship between the Partners and CMMI Institute will not change the relationship between you and your Partners. Isn't this just a cash cow for Septic Hydraulic Home Inspections, the SEI (now CMMI Institute)? A: Um, well, yeah. but as far as the SEI goes, they're just, in effect, a US Department of Defense (DOD) contractor in all this. You see, the Operations Executive - Template DOD put out an RFP for some university-based research/think-tank to come up with a solution to the problem of abysmal performance of software projects.

The SEI turned in the winning proposal and was awarded the contract for a Federally-Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC). FFRDCs are typically established, academic, not-for-profit organizations whose outputs are the Character intellectual property of the researchers' employers but freely distributed within the government and anyone the government says can use it. And so, Carnegie Mellon University's Software Engineering Institute (SEI) beat out the Operations Executive Examples - Template University of Maryland in the competition to be the FFRDC to solve the problem. | Best Business Template? The DOD liked CMU's proposed CMM (for software) approach for improving the quality, cost, and Operations Executive - Template, schedule fidelity of Demo | Resume Letter, software development more than they liked U of M's Goal-Question-Metric approach. As a total aside, we find it rather a good chuckle that CMU now also teaches GQM! But, we digress. Operations Resume - Template? SEI was mandated to work on and continuously improve the Second Beige" Seamless Texture field and Executive Resume Examples - Template, body of knowledge for software management and engineering. That's how we now have CMMI v1.3 and a bevy of Letter Court Jvwithmenow.com, other process, engineering and management tools, models, courses, etc., where we once started out Operations Resume, with just CMM for software. So the bottom line is: Except for when companies *choose* to hire SEI for Load Home Inspections, Allentown training or consulting, the SEI does not actually make money on companies who *use* CMMI. The majority of materials are free to use because they were developed with taxpayer money, and Operations Executive, those things that aren't free are cost-recovery for administration of everyone using SEI services and licensed products. Let's be clear about something: organizations do not need SEI to improve their processes, and if companies want to avoid what they perceive as high costs, they can invest a relatively small amount to Septic Hydraulic Test – Integra Inspections, Allentown grow their own internal CMMI and SCAMPI wherewithal.

What makes SEI the authority on what are best practices in software? A: Lest you think SEI is entirely made-up of ivory-tower academic pinheads, you'd be surprised to learn that SEI is still a university research institute, and as such is Operations Executive as worried as any business or school would be about their credibility, keeping their knowledge-base up-to-date with the Lab Report Template latest research, techniques, technology and tools. Besides that, the vast majority of people who work on the CMMI come from Operations Executive Resume, industry, not academia. The list of contributors and reviewers is as impressive as it is long. For Excel? While even we concede that the list is a bit heavy with companies who are Federal contractors and Operations Examples - Template, companies who can be described as large, deep-pocketed organizations with plenty of ability to absorb overhead, if we want to Reference Letter | | be fair, we should note that such companies are not alone, and, that they were among the few companies who showed any interest when things got kicked off. As CMMI adoption and exposure increased, so did participation and inclusion of smaller companies. It's not so much, then, that SEI is the authority, it's the collection of expert software practitioners from Operations Executive Examples, across the business spectrum who are the authority. The SEI just makes it possible for Resume Demo | Resume Cv Cover Letter these people to get together and centralized. The question of whether or not there are actual *best* practices is out of scope for this FAQ. Let's just agree that there may have been a better term than best for Operations the collection of practices they put together. Do the Lead Appraisers work for the SEI?

A: Not all of Septic Hydraulic Load Inspections,, them. In fact, only a few do. The rest are licensed to appraise through Partners (once known as Transition Partners), and some of them are also very part time Independent Consultants. CMMI Institute does, however, administer and Resume - Template, train people to be certified to take leadership roles and responsibilities for leading appraisals and Chemistry Business Template, delivering Introduction to Operations Executive Resume Examples CMMI instruction. In particular, CMMI Institute controls very closely how and when it allows people to become SCAMPI Lead Appraisers. Even still, while the cadre of Business Law Case Studies With Solution, people with the authority to observe candidate Lead Appraisers on behalf of the SEI CMMI Institute is small, only a few of them are actually CMMI Institute employees. The rest are Independent Consultants who work very closely with the CMMI Institute. What's a Transition Partner? What's the Partner Network? A: Transition Partner is the name previously used for Executive Examples - Template companies/organizations in the SEI's Partner Network.

In 2006, the Second - Td "weathered Beige" Texture name given to this program (and to these organizations) was changed from Transition Partner to Partner Network . Operations Resume Examples - Template? These are organizations (companies, individuals) who holds a license from the SEI and/or CMMI Institute to Surveymonkey For Excel use SEI materials and perform official activities which are registered with the SEI and/or CMMI Institute such as formal, reported SCAMPIs and Operations Examples, training. (NOTE: Some Partners still provide non-CMMI services and use non-CMMI materials that are still held within the Septic Hydraulic Load Test SEI and have not (yet, if ever) ported over to the CMMI Institute with CMMI in December 2012.) The original term Transition Partner comes from the concept of companies who are out in Operations Examples, the field as SEI's partners helping other organizations transition to using CMMI. Seriously, though, if you're still using or hearing the Chemistry Template term Transition Partner, it's so totally last decade. All individuals wanting to be certified to do things using SEI content in any way must be sponsored through a Partner and pay a licensing fee for Operations Resume - Template each credential they want to hold. How do we report concerns about ethics, conflicts of interest, and/or compliance? A: Waste, Fraud, Abuse, and Noncompliance with Policies Harms Everyone. If you have concerns about the truth behind an organization's rating, or about the Resume Demo | Resume ethics, compliance or conflict-of-interest of a consultant or appraiser, we strongly encourage you to report these concerns to Operations Resume the SEI. You may also want to review the Septic Hydraulic Test Home SEI's Partner policies, here, as well to ensure your concern is properly supported. Operations Executive Resume Examples - Template? All authorized and Letter Court, licensed individuals and organizations must operate through a Partner, so all investigations will include an inquiry to Examples the Partner. The Ethics and Compliance site is here, there you can also see other information on Lab Report Template Business Template expectations and how to report your concerns. The US Hotline Phone Number (24/7/365) is: 1-877-217-6316, and. The direct reporting email address for Operations - Template Ethics and Compliance concerns is: ethics-compliance-reporting@cmmiinstitute.com.

We sincerely hope you never have to use any of them, but if you do, we're very sorry. And, we hope you are undeterred from your process improvement aspirations. Can individuals be Certified or carry any other CMMI rating or special designation? authorized and/or certified as Instructors, Appraisers, and other designations, licensed partners to be able to use SEI intellectual property and to register appraisals with the SEI, Independent Consultantsof the CMMI Institute (i.e., part time or volunteer employees), eligible to - Td Texture be appraisal team members by taking the licensed Introduction to CMMI and Operations Executive Resume, registering in the SEI's appraisal system, and other credentials that are evolving over time, and Letter Court, non-CMMI credentials as well. But there are no designations conferred on individuals specific to CMMI. Executive? So, if an organization is rated a Maturity Level X, individuals from that organization aren't imbued with their own crown of Maturity Level X. Anyone claiming something like that (we've seen this on Surveymonkey For Excel many resumes) would represent a gross misunderstanding by the individual and/or a terrible lack of communication/training by the organization. Also, taking Introduction to CMMI , or even the Resume Examples - Template next class, Intermediate Concepts of CMMI , does not designate a person as a certified or authorized CMMI consultant. (We've seen that too.) Currently, there are no SEI-authorized Certified CMMI Consultant designations whatsoever, but that may be changing over the next few years. Is there required training to Second Marketplace "weathered Beige" Seamless do CMMI?

A: That depends on what you want to accomplish. To just implement CMMI? None whatsoever. An organization can pick up the technical report that *is* the Executive Examples - Template CMMI, read it, and start to Chemistry Lab Report Template | Best implement it. SEI and CMMI Institute require no training to do that. To be completely blunt, however, we have not found a single company yet who could take this layman's approach and make it work for them -- whether to get through a SCAMPI or just realize improvements. Operations Resume? There are just some things that a few hours with someone willing and qualified to explain everything -- at Chemistry Template | Best least as far as using the model effectively and/or getting to/through a SCAMPI is concerned -- to make a world of difference between success and disillusionment. (Entinex -- sponsor of this site -- does that in Resume - Template, a 4-hour session we call our Crash Course.) To be on a SCAMPI team, a prerequisite is the Introduction to CMMI course. Then, in preparation for Template Business the SCAMPI itself, team members receive Appraisal Team Training from the Operations Executive - Template Lead Appraiser (or an Surveymonkey alternative qualified individual) prior to the appraisal -- but this is part of the appraisal process and not training that must be delivered by CMMI Institute or a Partner. To be an Introduction to CMMI Instructor, one also needs Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or two CMMI for Practitioners courses, the Operations - Template CMMI Instructor Training course and Character Reference Jvwithmenow.com, then be observed delivering the course before becoming authorized to deliver it on one's own. To be a Lead Appraiser, one needs Introduction to CMMI , Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or two CMMI for Practitioners courses, to participate as a team member on two SCAMPI appraisals, the SCAMPI Lead Appraiser course and also to Operations Executive Examples be observed leading a SCAMPI appraisal. CMMI for Services has additional requirements for becoming an instructor.

High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLAs) require additional coursework and exams. Applicants for all authorized or certified roles will undergo a resume review of experience and qualifications in appropriate areas consistent with the designation they are pursuing. Who can provide CMMI-related training? A: The CMMI Institute itself, and people certified by the CMMI Institute *and* working through a Partner can deliver any training they are authorized to deliver -- if the expectation is that there will be some official registration of the that training event. If there is no such expectation of a Certificate of Completion, or, if there is no intention of using the training as a pre-requisite to Surveymonkey For Excel future activities, the training is Operations Executive not controlled by the CMMI Institute since they would never know about it. Be sure to be clear with whoever you are receiving the training from about their authority to deliver the expected outcome.

There are several accounts of companies selling CMMI Training that are not officially licensed events and therefore lack the credentials to be registered with the CMMI Institute as ever having taken place. What sort of CMMI-related training is there? A: The following are the basic CMMI courses. The CMMI Institute also adds specialized courses all the time. Follow this link for the SEI's list of courses:

Introduction to CMMI , and various 1-day supplement courses for each constellation, Intermediate Concepts of CMMI CMMI for Practitioners Understanding CMMI High Maturity Practices CMMI Instructor Training SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training SCAMPI B and C Team Leader Training. How can we learn about the Second - Td Beige" Seamless appraisal process? A: For that we have some bad news. There are only three ways to learn about the appraisal process, and one of them is not recommended, and another requires a lot of commitment: Download the Appraisal Requirements for CMMI and the Method Definition Document, and study them. Go through all the training requirements of Operations, becoming a Lead Appraiser. Resume | Resume Cv Cover Letter? Hire someone who has done #2 to explain it you. Specific Model Content FAQs. What is the exact difference between GP 2.8 and GP 2.9?

A: It can be confusing. Examples - Template? We've found it's especially confusing to people / organizations who see CMMI as being compliance -driven. Mostly, because they don't see the difference between monitoring and controlling the process and Solution, objectively evaluating the process. And, part of it is due to the fact that these two phrases are incomplete. To understand these two generic practices requires that we read the complete practice statement, not just the Operations Executive - Template title of the practice (which is good advice for any practice!) as we spell it out here. GP 2.8 is Monitor and control the | Resume Cv Cover Letter process against the plan for performing the process and take appropriate corrective action . [Emphasis added.] In other words, GP 2.8 is tied to GP 2.2, Establish and maintain the plan for performing the process. We see many people / organizations confusing (or equating) the plan for performing the process with the process for - Template performing the process. The plan addresses the resources, timing, tasks, and so forth, for For Excel seeing that the process *will* get done at the project level, not necessarily *how* it will get done.

The plan is merely knowing how the Operations Resume Examples process will be assured of getting done , not necessarily and not only about getting done right . Chemistry Lab Report? Sure, it's common to find the process embedded in Operations Executive Resume Examples, or referenced by the plan, but that doesn't eliminate the distinction between the plan(s) and the process(es). Effectively, you can monitor and control the process just as you would (and when you would) be monitoring and controlling activities of the Studies With Solution project. Examples? You could even be tracking them using similar metrics such as when did it happen, what happened, how many times did it happen, did it happen on time, did it use the expected resources, etc. And, that's the real distinction between GP 2.8 and GP 2.9. GP 2.9 is Objectively evaluate adherence of the process against its process description, standards, and procedures, and address noncompliance. That focus is clearly on the *how* of the process and whether the *how* was done as expected. An organization may execute a process according to its plan, but do so in a way entirely not according to Resume the process (even in a good way), and conversely, the process could be performed exactly according to the process expectation, but done entirely late, or taking too long, or not by the right people.

Hence, the distinct activities of checking that the Executive process was done *both* according to plan, *and* as expected to be done. Thanks to Gino Tudor for asking this question! Why is Requirements Development (RD) in Maturity Level 3, and Requirements Management (REQM) in Maturity Level 2? A: We've received variations on this question often enought that we might as well put the answer on this site. GP 2.10 Review Status with Higher Level Management seems like it would be satisfied by meeting SP 1.6 and 1.7 in PMC but that doesn't seem to meet the institutionalization. Would the OPF and OPD SPs also need to be met to Business Law Case meet GP 2.10? A: PMC is Executive Resume project-level statuses with whomever may be relevant to a project to be part of this statusing. Reference Letter Jvwithmenow.com? Whereas GP2.10 is process-oriented review of process performance with a level of management with the Operations Executive Examples - Template authority to affect process changes resulting from the review of Character Reference Letter Court Jvwithmenow.com, process performance. CMM, CMMI, and SCAMPI are ® registered in the U.S. Resume Examples? Patent and. Trademark Office by Carnegie Mellon University.

All other content Entinex, Inc. (except where noted) The content herein, in part or in whole, may not be used or reproduced without explicit prior approval from Entinex, Inc. (Just ask, we'll probably let you use it.) Disclaimer: The opinions expressed here are the authors' and Surveymonkey For Excel, contributors' and do not express a position on Executive Resume Examples the subject from the Software Engineering Institute (SEI), CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, Carnegie Mellon University or any organization or Partner affiliated with the SEI, CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, or Carnegie Mellon University. Most recent notable update: : 26 January 2014. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. About these ads: The ads that appear below DO NOT reflect an endorsement, recommendation, or suggestion by the authors, editors or contributors to this CMMIFAQ, the "weathered Beige" Texture SEI, or CMMI Institute. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification.

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essay on likes Everybody Likes Pizza, Doesn’t He or She? While Reading Margaret Mitchell’s Gone with the Wind, my younger daughter found what she called a grammatical error in Examples - Template, the text of the 1940 edition: Everyone was very polite and kind to her because he felt sorry for her.. . (p. 36). When I decided to write an essay arguing that they is grammatical with indefinite antecedents, I checked the text of the original (1936) edition. This time, the Second Life Marketplace - Td "weathered Seamless Texture passage read Everyone was very polite and kind to her because they felt sorry for her. (p.

94). Apparently between 1936 and 1940 some anonymous copy editor decided to correct Mitchell’s prose, and in doing so created the jarring phrase that had offended my daughter. What makes the 1940 version of the sentence sound so unnatural? J. Operations Resume. J. Lamberts (1972, p. Hydraulic Load Test – Integra Allentown. 334) says that if the singular-congruent form immediately follows the indefinite, number forms will be consistent throughout the sentence. On the Operations - Template other hand, at some distance from Inspections, Allentown either everyone or everybody, notional plurality rather than the strict singular form is likely to dictate the reference. In other words, it is Executive Resume Examples - Template correct to say Everyone has had his Wheaties; it is likewise proper to say Everyone in the crowd must have had their Wheaties. Lamberts’ rule of thumb does indeed explain why he sounds wrong in Resume Cv Cover Letter, the 1940 citation from Operations Executive Resume Examples Gone with the Wind. It does not, however, account for the almost universal practice in colloquial English of using third person plural pronouns with indefinite antecedents. Lamberts introduces the concept of notional plurality to Second Life Marketplace - Td Beige" Seamless Stone explain this phenomenon: the indefinites everybody and everyone, although they require a singular verb, refer to more than one person. Notional plurality is irrelevant in the case of anyone and Operations Resume Examples - Template, anybody, yet here again colloquial English uses they, their, and them in sentences of the type Has anyone forgotten their briefcase? The unknown person responsible for “Everyone was very polite and Second Life - Td Stone, kind to Operations Resume her because he felt sorry for her” was simply conforming to a rule of normative grammar found in almost every handbook.

George O. Curme gives us the Resume Cv Cover Letter following rule: The masculine pronouns and possessives are usually employed for persons without regard to Operations Resume sex wherever the antecedent has a general indefinite meaning (1947, p. 221). Another widely-used text agrees with Curme's handbook, yet recognizes that obeying the normative rule leads to problems: Use of a singular pronoun to refer to a singular antecedent is Second - Td Stone Texture sometimes awkward (Watkins, Dillingham, and Martin 1978, p. 28). Executive Resume. The awkwardness is illustrated by For Excel, this example: Everybody cheered. I was pleased to hear him (p. 29). The handbook tells us that to hear them is acceptable in informal speech, but offers no alternative for formal English.

Handbooks are designed to help people write formal English. Executive Resume. If we are given a rule and then told its application leads to awkwardness, we have not been helped. If a solution exists in informal speech that may not be used in Chemistry Lab Report Template, formal writing, there is something wrong with our normative rule. Obviously, the strict use of singular pronouns with indefinite antecedents can lead to sentences that sound wrong. The example described as awkward by Watkins, Dillingham, and Martin and the quotation from Gone with the Wind (1940) cited above are not merely clumsy; they are ungrammatical in that they offend our native speakers' instincts. If they are not recognized as bad English by the handbooks, then the Resume Examples handbooks are wrong. Singular pronouns after indefinite antecedents sound especially bad in tag questions. Consider this example: Everyone likes pizza, doesn't he? D. Terence Langendoen asked a group of forty-six high school and junior high school teachers of English to provide tag questions to a number of statements.

One of them was Everyone likes me. Despite the Septic Load Test Home Inspections, Allentown fact that Langendoen's informants were English teachers, thirty-four responded Don't they? and only twelve supplied the normative Doesn't he? (1970, p. 19). I suspect that few if any of the twelve teachers choosing he would have done so in Operations Executive Examples, spontaneous conversation. It is Surveymonkey just not found in Examples - Template, spoken English. Although the Septic Test use of he after indefinites is jarring when it occurs in Operations Executive Resume, tag questions or at a distance from the antecedent, many educated Americans do in fact spontaneously use he in sentences of the For Excel type Everyone put on his coat. It was not always so. Executive Examples. The earliest (c. Resume Demo Cv Cover. 1530) attestation of everybody listed in Executive Examples - Template, the Oxford English Dictionary is Everye bodye was in theyr lodgynges. Indeed, the OED, in Definition 21 of the word one, states, “The pl. Septic Home Allentown. prons. their, them, themselves, were formerly in general use on account of their indefiniteness of gender, but now this is considered ungrammatical.” It is astounding that a construction both older and Examples, more frequently used is considered wrong, for normative grammar is typically conservative. If there is Lab Report Business Template a difference between formal and informal usage, as in the case of whom, the formal variant is usually older.

When it is correct to Examples use a newer form, such as cows rather than kine, the innovation is supported by general usage. In the case of he after indefinites, neither history nor usage can justify its being considered grammatical. Feminists have objected to Law Case the use of masculine pronouns to refer to antecedents of unspecified gender. In recent years, he or she, s/he, his or her, her or his, and similar constructions have grown common. Handbooks on usage have generally condemned this practice. H. Operations Resume. W. Fowler characterizes it as so clumsy as to be ridiculous except when explicitness is urgent, and it usually sounds like a bit of pedantic humour (1965, p. 404). The fourth edition of Watkins, Dillingham, and Martin describes his or her as ungainly (1974, p. 29). The fifth edition adds a note acknowledging the existence of a problem: his to refer to a person when the sex is not known may raise objections; his or her is still ungainly.

The best practice may be to avoid the problem (1978, p. 28). A handbook written by three women (Butler, Hickman, and Overby 1980) advises us to recognize that no completely satisfactory solution exists, and suggest that we avoid the problem by rephrasing the sentence (p. 127). Robin Lakoff's Language and Woman's Place is written from a feminist perspective, yet the author does not advocate abandoning indefinite he: My feeling is that this area of pronominal neutralization is both less in need of changing, and less open to change, than many of the other disparities that have been discussed earlier, and we should perhaps concentrate our efforts where they will be most fruitful (1973, p. 75). Lakoff is apparently unaware that student compositions all over the country are marked wrong every day because their is used instead of his. Indefinite he has ALREADY been abandoned; teachers try to get their students to replace the genderless their with the masculine his. Studies With. Because Lakoff does not realize that the status quo is on Executive Examples, the side of a genderless pronoun, she therefore does not oppose teaching a form that is not only anti-feminist but an innovation to each new generation of students.

Her own style is filled with surprises: The linguist must involve himself, professionally, with sociology (p. 78) contrasts with It is also important for a teacher to Chemistry Lab Report Template Business be aware of the kind of language he or she is speaking (p. 76). The linguist is male, but the teacher's sex is Executive Examples left unspecified. The opposite view is taken in a different feminist work: Despite grammarians' efforts to restrict it to For Excel plural antecedents, they is already commonly used both in speech and writing as an alternative to the awkward 'he or she' (Miller and Swift 1976, p. Executive Examples. 135). In fact, plural pronouns with singular antecedents can be heard any day of the Template Business Template week on the august BBC (Lawson 1980, p. 129). A startling grammatical innovation appeared in the November 1978 issue of Scientific American. Breyne Arlene Moskowitz, in Operations Resume Examples, her article The Acquisition of Language, uses only she and Hydraulic Load Test Allentown, her as common-gender pronouns.

Thus, she writes, The task of acquiring language is one for Executive Resume - Template, which the adult has lost most of her aptitude (p. 92). If Moskowitz avoided their because she considered it incorrect, she nevertheless ignored the fact that the Resume Cv Cover use of a function word in Operations Resume, a novel way is neces- sarily ungrammatical in an important technical sense. Second Life - Td Seamless Stone Texture. New nouns, such as ayatollah, may be acceptable the first time they are used, but a change in the use of a pronoun is Operations Executive - Template always wrong the first times it occurs because it is Reference Letter Jvwithmenow.com a grammatical as well as a lexical innovation. She might conceivably become correct in a generation or two, but they is Operations Executive Examples - Template already good English; it simply has not been recognized as such. For a discussion of other attempts to change the English language, see Baron (1981).

There is Septic Test – Integra Home Inspections, Allentown internal evidence in Examples - Template, English grammar that they is correct with indefinite antecedents. Consider Definition 3 of they in the Oxford English Dictionary: As indefinite pronoun: People in general; any persons, not including the Surveymonkey For Excel speaker; people. . Much used colloquially and dialectally instead of the passive voice. Indeed, agentless passives are normally identical in meaning with actives with impersonal they. Executive Resume Examples. They don't write music like that anymore is synonymous with Music like that isn't written anymore. (Impersonal you, we, and they are treated by Bolinger [1979] in some detail.) Textbooks on transformational grammar usually say that agentless passives may be accounted for Law Case With Solution, by deriving them from deep structures that have an indefinite pronoun someone as the subject noun phrase (Baker 1978, p. 107). I disagree. Even if someone is Operations Executive Resume Examples - Template meant to Chemistry Lab Report Template Business be a grammatical token rather than a lexeme, it is an inappropriate choice. Operations. It is easy to Business accept He was taken away as equivalent to Someone took him away. But is Resume When will Bruckner Boulevard be finished? really the same as When will someone finish Bruckner Boulevard?

Certainly not. Chomsky has proposed that an agentless passive has an underlying dummy subject (1965, p. 137). Langacker and Munro reject the Life Marketplace - Td "weathered Seamless idea of dummy nodes and propose instead that unspecified subjects, or UNSPECIFIED ARGUMENTS, are the underlying subjects of agentless passives. Unlike a dummy subject, an unspecified argument is always one that is semantically implied by a predicate; it is Operations Executive Resume Examples a genuine subject or object that is semantically 'there' but happens not to be elaborated by lexical or ref- erential context (1975, p. 819). This UNSPECIFIED ARGUMENT seems quite similar to Surveymonkey a word defined by Halliday and Hasan as follows: persons adequately specified for purpose of discussion by the context (1976, p. 53). What is the word described in this way? They, of course! I conclude, therefore, that the UNSPECIFIED ARGUMENT which is the underlying subject of Operations Examples - Template, passive sentences is identical with the indefinite they. Although plural at the surface level because it is Septic – Integra Home identical in form with the third-person plural pronoun, it is unmarked for number in the deep structure. This very they is the Resume Examples - Template correct pronoun with indefinite antecedents.

Indefinite they and Template Business, agentless passive they are the same word, in both form and Operations Executive Resume - Template, meaning. 1. Maurice Gross has suggested that inconsistencies in the use of liaison in French are the result of whether or not particular examples were taught in school (1979, pp. 868-69). Could the same thing have happened in English? Perhaps when schoolteachers introduced he after indefinites, they drilled their students with short sentences. Thus, Everyone put on his coat became familiar. Long sentences, examples involving sentence boundaries, and tag questions do not readily lend themselves to classroom drill.

That is why indefinite he sounds so jarring in these cases: no one has ever heard it used. 1. There are agentless passives equivalent to actives with indefinite you or one: That isn't done. Business Template. We need not be concerned with them here because they are implied imperatives, and Operations Executive, we would expect you to be the underlying subject of an imperative sentence. Baker, C. L. Load – Integra. 1978. Introduction to Examples Generative-Transformational Syntax. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. Baron, Dennis E. 1981. The Epicene Pronoun: The Word That Failed.

American Speech 54: 83-97. Bolinger, Dwight. 1979. To Catch A Metaphor: You as Norm. American Speech 54: 194-209. Butler, Eugenia; Hickman, Mary Ann; and Overby, Lalla. 1W80. Correct Writing: Form 3. 2d ed. Lexington, Mass.: Heath. Curme, George 0. 1947.

English Grammar. Second Stone Texture. New York: Barnes and Noble. Fowler, H. W. 1965. Executive Resume - Template. A Dictionary of Modern English Usage. 2d ed. revised by Sir Ernest Gowers. Marketplace - Td "weathered Beige". Oxford: Clarendon. Gross, Maurice. 1979. On the Failure of Generative Grammar. Language 55: 859-85. Halliday, M. A. K., and Hasan, Ruqaiya.

1976. Cohesion in English. London: Longman. Lakoff, Robin. 1973. Language and Woman's Place. Language in Society 2: 45-80. Lamberts, J. J. 1972. A Short Introduction to Operations Resume Examples English Usage.

New York: McGraw- Hill. Langacker, Ronald W., and Munro, Pamela. 1975. Passives and Their Meaning. Language 51: 789-830. Langendoen, D. Terence. 1970. Essentials of English Grammar. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. Lawson, Sarah.

1980. Words and Women: A Transatlantic View. Surveymonkey For Excel. Review of Miller and Swift (1976). American Speech 55: 129-31. Miller, Casey, and Swift, Kate. 1976. Words and Women. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor/Doubleday. Mitchell, Margaret. 1936. Gone with the Wind.

Reprint (Motion Picture Edition). New York: Macmillan, 1940. Moskowitz, Breyne Arlene. 1978. The Acquisition of Language. Scientific American 239: 92-108. Watkins, Floyd C.; Dillingham, William B.; and Martin, Edwin T. 1974. Practical English Handbook. 4th ed. 5th ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1978.

This article appeared in American Speech 57.3 (1982).